David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In Thomas W. Simon & Robert J. Scholes (eds.), [Book Chapter]. Lawrence Erlbaum. 1-11 (1982)
Behavioral scientists studied behavior; cognitive scientists study what generates behavior. Cognitive science is hence theoretical behaviorism (or behaviorism is experimental cognitivism). Behavior is data for a cognitive theorist. What counts as a theory of behavior? In this paper, a methodological constraint on theory construction -- "neoconstructivism" -- will be proposed (by analogy with constructivism in mathematics): Cognitive theory must be computable; given an encoding of the input to a behaving system, a theory must be able to compute (an encoding of) its outputs. It is a mistake to conclude, however, that this constraint requires cognitive theory to be computational, or that it follows from this that cognition is computation
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Robert C. Cummins (1995). Connectionist and the Rationale Constraint on Cognitive Explanations. Philosophical Perspectives 9:105-25.
Nick Chater & P. Vitanyi (2003). Simplicity: A Unifying Principle in Cognitive Science? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (1):19-22.
Laura Sizer (2000). Towards a Computational Theory of Mood. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (4):743-770.
Christophe Heintz (2005). The Ecological Rationality of Strategic Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):825-826.
Gualtiero Piccinini & Andrea Scarantino (2011). Information Processing, Computation, and Cognition. Journal of Biological Physics 37 (1):1-38.
Valerie Gray Hardcastle (1995). Computationalism. Synthese 105 (3):303-17.
Brian L. Keeley (2000). Neuroethology and the Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Philosophy of Science 60 (3):404-418.
Paul F. M. J. Verschure (2003). Real-World Behavior as a Constraint on the Cognitive Architecture: Comparing ACT-R and DAC in the Newell Test. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (5):624-626.
Fred A. Keijzer (2005). Theoretical Behaviorism Meets Embodied Cognition: Two Theoretical Analyses of Behavior. Philosophical Psychology 18 (1):123-143.
Dario D. Salvucci & Niels A. Taatgen (2011). Toward a Unified View of Cognitive Control. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):227-230.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads14 ( #112,737 of 1,098,984 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #175,054 of 1,098,984 )
How can I increase my downloads?