David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (5):439-457 (2003)
A distinction should be made betweentwo types of ethical problems. A Type I ethicalproblem is one in which there is no consensusas to what is ethical. A Type II ethicalproblem is one in which there is a consensus asto what is ethical, but incentives exist forindividuals to behave unethically. Type Iethical problems are resolved by making,challenging, and reasoning through moralarguments. Type II ethical problems areresolved by changing the institutionalenvironment so that people do not haveincentives to behave unethically. Type Isolutions, however, will not be effective insolving Type II problems. Examples inagriculture and elsewhere show howdistinguishing between Type I and Type IIethical problems will help in theidentification of solutions to ethical issuesin agriculture
|Keywords||agricultural ethics environmental ethics ethical solutions incentives moral conflicts|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
James Jr (2003). On Finding Solutions to Ethical Problems in Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (5):439-457.
Harvey S. James (2003). On Finding Solutions to Ethical Problems in Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (5):439-457.
Nick Chater (1997). What is the Type-1/Type-2 Distinction? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):68-69.
Richard P. Nielsen (2009). Varieties of Win–Win Solutions to Problems with Ethical Dimensions. Journal of Business Ethics 88 (2):333 - 349.
Aviva Geva (2006). A Typology of Moral Problems in Business: A Framework for Ethical Management. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 69 (2):133 - 147.
Linda Wetzel, Types and Tokens. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
J. Michael Rayburn & L. Gayle Rayburn (1996). Relationship Between Machiavellianism and Type a Personality and Ethical-Orientation. Journal of Business Ethics 15 (11):1209 - 1219.
I. van de Poel & L. Royakkers (2007). The Ethical Cycle. Journal of Business Ethics 71 (1):1-13.
I. Van De Poel & L. Royakkers (2007). The Ethical Cycle. Journal of Business Ethics 71 (1):1 - 13.
István S. N. Berkeley (1997). Taming Type-2 Tigers: A Nonmonotonic Strategy. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):66-67.
Darryl R. J. Macer, Minakshi Bhardwaj, Fumi Maekawa & Yuki Niimura (2003). Ethical Opportunities in Global Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry: The Role for FAO. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (5):479-504.
W. Michael Hoffman (1995). Environmental Risk Problems and the Language of Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (4):699-711.
David J. Fritzsche & Helmut Becker (1983). Ethical Behavior of Marketing Managers. Journal of Business Ethics 2 (4):291 - 299.
Robert E. Frederick & W. Michael Hoffman (1995). Environmental Risk Problems and the Language of Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (4):699-711.
Added to index2010-08-30
Total downloads8 ( #256,763 of 1,707,787 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #352,887 of 1,707,787 )
How can I increase my downloads?