When is a Sale Not a Sale? The Riddle of Athenian Terminology for Real Security Revisited

Classical Quarterly 38 (02):351- (1988)
Abstract
In Athens during the late Classical and Hellenistic periods, it was customary for a man who was borrowing a large sum of money to pledge some property as security for the repayment of his loan. To show that this property was legally encumbered, a flat slab of stone, called a horos, was set up, and an inscription, indicating the nature of the lien on the property, was inscribed on the horos. These horoi served to warn third parties that the man who pledged the property as security was not free to sell it or otherwise alienate it until the loan was repaid. The terminology which is used on these horoi to indicate that the property has been pledged as security varies. On a relatively small number of horoi, only seven, the property is described as ‘lying under ’ for a debt, the amount of which may or may not be specified. The texts found on a far greater number of horoi, some 128 in all, use a different type of expression. On these horoi, the property is said to have been ‘sold on condition of release’ . The terminology used on the horoi to describe this kind of lien presents a striking contrast with that employed by the Attic orators: in their speeches we find the verbs ποκεσθαι and ποτιθναι when it is a question of pledging security for a loan, but never ππρασθαι with the addition of the prepositional phrase π λσει
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index
 
Download options
PhilPapers Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 14,033
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Similar books and articles
Cynthia B. Cohen (2002). Public Policy and the Sale of Human Organs. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (1):47-64.
Lori Gruen (2007). Oocytes for Sale? Metaphilosophy 38 (2-3):285–308.
G. S. Sale (1891). Notes on Horace. The Classical Review 5 (04):137-139.
James Stacey Taylor (2012). The Point of Sale. The Philosophers' Magazine 59 (59):115-118.
J. Savulescu (2003). Is the Sale of Body Parts Wrong? Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (3):138-139.
Jerry Menikoff (2004). An Organ Sale by Any Other Name. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):42 – 44.
Analytics

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2010-12-09

Total downloads

7 ( #265,100 of 1,696,808 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

1 ( #346,744 of 1,696,808 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Start a new thread
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.