Chimpanzees (iPan troglodytes/i) show more understanding of human attentional states when they request food in the experimenters hand than on the table
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Interaction Studies 12 (3):418-429 (2012)
Although chimpanzees have been reported to understand to some extent others' visual perception, previous studies using food requesting tasks are divided on whether or not chimpanzees understand the role of eye gaze. One plausible reason for this discrepancy may be the familiarity of the testing situation. Previous food requesting tasks with negative results used an unfamiliar situation that may be difficult for some chimpanzees to recognize as a requesting situation, whereas those with positive results used a familiar situation. The present study tested chimpanzees' understanding of others' attentional states by comparing two requesting situations: an unfamiliar situation in which food was put on a table, and a familiar situation in which chimpanzees requested food held by an experimenter. Chimpanzees showed evidence of understanding the experimenter's attentional variations and the role of eye gaze only in the latter task. This suggests that an unfamiliar requesting situation may keep subjects from expressing their understanding of others' attentional states even though they are sensitive to them. Keywords: Understanding attention; Social cognition; Chimpanzees
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Josep Call & Michael Tomasello (2005). What Chimpanzees Know About Seeing, Revisited: An Explanation of the Third Kind. In Naomi Eilan, Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack & Johannes Roessler (eds.), Joint Attention: Communication and Other Minds. Issues in Philosophy and Psychology. Oxford University Press. 45--64.
Derek C. Penn & Daniel J. Povinelli (2007). On the Lack of Evidence That Non-Human Animals Possess Anything Remotely Resembling a 'Theory of Mind'. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 362 (1480):731-744.
Timothy J. Eddy (2004). Children, Chimpanzees, and Social Understanding: Inter- or Intra-Specific? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):103-104.
Elliott Sober (2012). Anthropomorphism, Parsimony, and Common Ancestry. Mind and Language 27 (3):229-238.
Victoria Horner, Kristin E. Bonnie & Frans B. M. de Waal (2005). Identifying the Motivations of Chimpanzees: Culture and Collaboration. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):704-705.
Daniel J. Povinelli & Jennifer Vonk (2004). We Don't Need a Microscope to Explore the Chimpanzee's Mind. Mind and Language 19 (1):1-28.
Hideko Takeshita (2001). Dynamic Comparison of the Development of Combinatory Manipulations Between Chimpanzee and Human Infants. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):65-66.
Andrew Fenton, Re-Conceiving Nonhuman Animal Knowledge Through Contemporary Primate Cognitive Studies.
Adam Clark Arcadi (2003). Is Gestural Communication More Sophisticated Than Vocal Communication in Wild Chimpanzees? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):210-211.
R. Allen Gardner (2002). The Proper Study of Chimpkind. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (5):624-625.
William D. Hopkins & Claudio Cantalupo (2003). Brodmann's Area 44, Gestural Communication, and the Emergence of Right Handedness in Chimpanzees. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):224-225.
Richard Schuster (2005). Why Not Chimpanzees, Lions, and Hyenas Too? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):716-717.
Mary Lee A. Jensvold, Jacquelyn C. Buckner & Gina B. Stadtner (2011). Caregiverchimpanzee Interactions with Species-Specific Behaviors. Interaction Studies 11 (3):396-409.
Roger Fouts & Erin McKenna (2011). Chimpanzees and Sign Language: Darwinian Realities Versus Cartesian Delusions. The Pluralist 6 (3):19-24.
G. J. Purpura (2006). In Search of Human Uniqueness. Philosophical Psychology 19 (4):443-461.
Added to index2011-12-07
Total downloads2 ( #314,240 of 1,096,248 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #218,857 of 1,096,248 )
How can I increase my downloads?