David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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In D. Heyer (ed.), Perception and the Physical World: Psychological and Philosophical Issues in Perception. John Wiley and Sons Ltd 113--143 (2002)
In this chapter I examine past and recent theories of unconscious inference. Most theorists have ascribed inferences to perception literally, not analogically, and I focus on the literal approach. I examine three problems faced by such theories if their commitment to unconscious inferences is taken seriously. Two problems concern the cognitive resources that must be available to the visual system (or a more central system) to support the inferences in question. The third problem focuses on how the conclusions of inferences are supposed to explain the phenomenal aspects of visual experience, the looks of things. Finally, in comparing past and recent responses to these problems, I provide an assessment of the current prospects for inferential theories.
|Keywords||Unconscious inference Theories of perception Ptolemy Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen) Rene Descartes George Berkeley Hermann von Helmholtz Irvin Rock Jerry A Fodor|
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Gary Hatfield (2015). Natural Geometry in Descartes and Kepler. Res Philosophica 92 (1):117-148.
Kevin Connolly (2014). Perceptual Learning and the Contents of Perception. Erkenntnis 79 (6):1407-1418.
Adam J. Bowen (2013). Dissolving an Epistemological Puzzle of Time Perception. Synthese 190 (17):3797-3817.
David Hilbert (2012). Constancy, Content, and Inference. In Gary Hatfield & Sarah Allred (eds.), Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy. OUP Oxford 199.
Jüri Allik & Kenn Konstabel (2005). G. F. Parrot and the Theory of Unconscious Inferences. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 41 (4):317-330.
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