David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Acta Psychologica 114:355-378 (2003)
Visual <span class='Hi'>space</span> can be distinguished from physical <span class='Hi'>space</span>. The first is found in visual experience, while the second is defined independently of perception. Theorists have wondered about the relation between the two. Some investigators have concluded that visual <span class='Hi'>space</span> is non-Euclidean, and that it does not have a single metric structure. Here it is argued (1) that visual <span class='Hi'>space</span> exhibits contraction in all three dimensions with increasing distance from the observer, (2) that experienced features of this contraction (including the apparent convergence of lines in visual experience that are produced from physically parallel stimuli in ordinary viewing conditions) are not the same as would be the experience of a perspective projection onto a fronto-parallel plane, and (3) that such contraction is consistent with size constancy. These properties of visual <span class='Hi'>space</span> are different from those that would be predicted if spatial perception resulted from the successful solution of the inverse problem. They are consistent with the notion that optical constraints have been internalized. More generally, they are also consistent with the notion that visual spatial structures bear a resemblance relation to physical spatial structures. This notion supports a type of representational relation that is distinct from mere causal correspondence. The reticence of some philosophers and psychologists to discuss the structure of phenomenal <span class='Hi'>space</span> is diagnosed in terms of the simple materialism and the functionalism of the 1970s and 1980s.
|Keywords||Geometry of Visual Space Size Constancy|
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Citations of this work BETA
D. J. Bennett (2012). Seeing Shape: Shape Appearances and Shape Constancy. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (3):487-518.
Gary Hatfield (2007). The Reality of Qualia. Erkenntnis 66 (1-2):133--168.
Jonathan Vogel (2010). BonJour on Explanation and Skepticism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (4):413-421.
Mirko Farina (2013). Jan Lauwereyns: Brain and the Gaze: On the Active Boundaries of Vision. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 28 (6):1029-1038.
Mark Wagner & Anthony J. Gambino (forthcoming). Variations in the Anisotropy and Affine Structure of Visual Space: A Geometry of Visibles with a Third Dimension. Topoi:1-16.
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