David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Psychology 24 (5):679-698 (2011)
There are a number of competing psychological accounts of the placebo effect, and much of the recent debate centers on the relative importance of classical conditioning and conscious beliefs. In this paper, I discuss apparent problems with these accounts and with?disjunctive? accounts that deny that placebo effects can be given a unified psychological explanation. The fact that some placebo effects seem to be mediated by cognitive states with content that is consciously inaccessible and inferentially isolated from a subject's beliefs motivates an account of the placebo effect in terms of subdoxastic cognitive states. I propose that aliefs, subdoxastic cognitive states that are associative, automatic, and arational, can provide a unified psychological account of the placebo effect. This account also has the potential to illuminate interesting connections to other psychological phenomena
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Tamar Szabó Gendler (2008). Alief and Belief. Journal of Philosophy 105 (10):634-663.
Philip Kitcher & Wesley Salmon (eds.) (1989). Scientific Explanation. Univ of Minnesota Pr.
Tamar Szabó Gendler (2008). Alief in Action (and Reaction). Mind and Language 23 (5):552--585.
Stephen P. Stich (1978). Beliefs and Subdoxastic States. Philosophy of Science 45 (December):499-518.
Ginger A. Hoffman, Anne Harrington & Howard L. Fields (2005). Pain and the Placebo: What We Have Learned. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48 (2):248-265.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
J. L. Mommaerts & Dirk Devroey (2012). The Placebo Effect: How the Subconscious Fits In. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 55 (1):43-58.
Nikola Biller-Andorno (2004). The Use of the Placebo Effect in Clinical Medicine — Ethical Blunder or Ethical Imperative? Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):43-50.
Thomas R. Weihrauch (2004). Placebo Treatment is Effective Differently in Different Diseases — but is It Also Harmless? A Brief Synopsis. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):151-155.
Connie Peck & Grahame Coleman (1991). Implications of Placebo Theory for Clinical Research and Practice in Pain Management. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (3).
Andrew Turner (2012). 'Placebos' and the Logic of Placebo Comparison. Biology and Philosophy 27 (3):419-432.
Robert J. Connelly (1991). Nursing Responsibility for the Placebo Effect. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (3):325-341.
Mary Faith Marshall (2004). The Placebo Effect in Popular Culture. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):37-42.
Raúl de la Fuente-Fernández & A. Jon Stoessl (2004). The Biochemical Bases of the Placebo Effect. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):143-150.
F. G. Miller & H. Brody (2011). Understanding and Harnessing Placebo Effects: Clearing Away the Underbrush. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (1):69-78.
Franklin G. Miller & Luana Colloca (2010). Semiotics and the Placebo Effect. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 53 (4):509-516.
Eric Mandelbaum (2013). Against Alief. Philosophical Studies 165 (1):197-211.
Hans Muller & Bana Bashour (2011). Why Alief is Not a Legitimate Psychological Category. Journal of Philosophical Research 36:371-389.
Olov Lindahl & Lars Lindwall (1982). Is All Therapy Just a Placebo Effect? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 3 (2):255-259.
Anne Harrington (2011). The Placebo Effect: What's Interesting for Scholars of Religion? Zygon 46 (2):265-280.
Bohdan W. Wasilewski (2004). Homeopathic Remedies as Placebo Alternatives — Verification on the Example of Treatment of Menopause-Related Vegetative and Emotional Disturbances. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):179-188.
Added to index2011-03-26
Total downloads54 ( #75,200 of 1,790,258 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #429,822 of 1,790,258 )
How can I increase my downloads?