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David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
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Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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_The Chinese room argument_ - John Searle's (1980a) thought experiment and associated (1984) derivation - is one of the best known and widely credited counters to claims of artificial intelligence (AI), i.e., to claims that computers _do_ or at least _can_ (someday might) think. According to Searle's original presentation, the argument is based on two truths: _brains cause minds_ , and _syntax doesn't_ _suffice for semantics_ . Its target, Searle dubs "strong AI": "according to strong AI," according to Searle, "the computer is not merely a tool in the study of the mind, rather the appropriately programmed computer really _is_ a mind in the sense that computers given the right programs can be literally said to _understand_ and have other cognitive states" (1980a, p. 417). Searle contrasts "strong AI" to "weak AI". According to weak AI, according to Searle, computers just
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Dimitris Gavalas (2007). From Searle’s Chinese Room to the Mathematics Classroom: Technical and Cognitive Mathematics. Studies in Philosophy and Education 26 (2):127-146.
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