David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Cognitive Science 36 (3):498-516 (2012)
For decisions between many alternatives, the benchmark result is Hick's Law: that response time increases log-linearly with the number of choice alternatives. Even when Hick's Law is observed for response times, divergent results have been observed for error rates—sometimes error rates increase with the number of choice alternatives, and sometimes they are constant. We provide evidence from two experiments that error rates are mostly independent of the number of choice alternatives, unless context effects induce participants to trade speed for accuracy across conditions. Error rate data have previously been used to discriminate between competing theoretical accounts of Hick's Law, and our results question the validity of those conclusions. We show that a previously dismissed optimal observer model might provide a parsimonious account of both response time and error rate data. The model suggests that people approximate Bayesian inference in multi-alternative choice, except for some perceptual limitations
|Keywords||Multi‐alternative choice Optimal observer Speed–accuracy tradeoff Bayesian Hick's Law Context effect|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Robert W. Brainard, Thomas S. Irby, Paul M. Fitts & Earl A. Alluisi (1962). Some Variables Influencing the Rate of Gain of Information. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (2):105.
D. J. Hale (1969). Speed-Error Tradeoff in a Three-Choice Serial Reaction Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (3):428.
Ray Hyman (1953). Stimulus Information as a Determinant of Reaction Time. Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (3):188.
Robert G. Pachella & Dennis Fisher (1972). Hick's Law and the Speed-Accuracy Trade-Off in Absolute Judgment. Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (3):378.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Jennifer S. Trueblood & Jerome R. Busemeyer (2011). A Quantum Probability Account of Order Effects in Inference. Cognitive Science 35 (8):1518-1552.
Barry Sopher & Gary Gigliotti (1993). Intransitive Cycles: Rational Choice or Random Error? An Answer Based on Estimation of Error Rates with Experimental Data. Theory and Decision 35 (3):311-336.
Wai-Tat Fu (2011). A Dynamic Context Model of Interactive Behavior. Cognitive Science 35 (5):874-904.
Fany Yuval (2002). Sophisticated Voting Under the Sequential Voting by Veto. Theory and Decision 53 (4):343-369.
Igor Douven (2012). Learning Conditional Information. Mind and Language 27 (3):239-263.
Conrad Perry, Johannes C. Ziegler & Marco Zorzi (2013). A Computational and Empirical Investigation of Graphemes in Reading. Cognitive Science 37 (5):800-828.
Nassim N. Taleb, The Future Has Thicker Tails Than the Past: Model Error as Branching Counterfactuals.
Roger Stanev (2012). The Epistemology and Ethics of Early Stopping Decisions in Randomized Controlled Trials. Dissertation, University of British Columbia
Deborah G. Mayo (1997). Error Statistics and Learning From Error: Making a Virtue of Necessity. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):212.
Gert de Cooman & Peter Walley (2002). A Possibilistic Hierarchical Model for Behaviour Under Uncertainty. Theory and Decision 52 (4):327-374.
Marcus Cunha & Fabio Caldieraro (2010). On the Observability of Purely Behavioral Sunk-Cost Effects: Theoretical and Empirical Support for the BISC Model. Cognitive Science 34 (8):1384-1387.
Katie Steele, Helen M. Regan, Mark Colyvan & Mark A. Burgman (2007). Right Decisions or Happy Decision-Makers? Social Epistemology 21 (4):349 – 368.
Added to index2012-01-19
Total downloads8 ( #181,987 of 1,139,861 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #165,020 of 1,139,861 )
How can I increase my downloads?