David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Business Ethics 84 (1):151 - 165 (2009)
Recent corporate scandals across various industries have led to an increased focus on research in business ethics, particularly on understanding ethical decision-making. This increased interest is due largely to managers' desire to reduce the incidence of unwanted behaviors in the workplace. This article examines one major moderator of the ethical decision-making process - moral intensity. In particular, we explore the potential influence of a particular cognitive heuristic - the availability heuristic -on perceptions of moral intensity. It is our contention that moral intensity is a perceptual construct, and that individuals' use of the availability heuristic will influence perceptions of moral intensity which, in turn, will affect how moral issues are viewed and ultimately resolved. In this article, we present propositions concerning possible relationships between the availabilities of various phenomena and the components that moral intensity comprises, and report on two studies examining the effects of availabilities on two of these components: magnitude of consequences and social consensus. Our findings indicated that the availability of consequences associated with an act was positively related to perceptions of the magnitude of consequences of that act. We also found that the availability of others who believe that a particular act is morally acceptable is positively related to perceptions of social consensus that that act is morally acceptable. We posit that our results suggest the possibility that perceptions of moral intensity can be actively influenced to reduce unethical behavior in organizations
|Keywords||moral intensity ethical decision-making issue recognition availability heuristic cognitive bias|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Joseph G. P. Paolillo & Scott J. Vitell (2002). An Empirical Investigation of the Influence of Selected Personal, Organizational and Moral Intensity Factors on Ethical Decision Making. Journal of Business Ethics 35 (1):65 - 74.
Deborah L. Leitsch (2004). Differences in the Perceptions of Moral Intensity in the Moral Decision Process: An Empirical Examination of Accounting Students. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 53 (3):313-323.
Bernhard F. Frey (2000). The Impact of Moral Intensity on Decision Making in a Business Context. Journal of Business Ethics 26 (3):181 - 195.
Sean Valentine & David Hollingworth (2012). Moral Intensity, Issue Importance, and Ethical Reasoning in Operations Situations. Journal of Business Ethics 108 (4):509 - 523.
Sara A. Morris & Robert A. McDonald (1995). The Role of Moral Intensity in Moral Judgments: An Empirical Investigation. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 14 (9):715 - 726.
Sean R. Valentine & Connie R. Bateman (2011). The Impact of Ethical Ideologies, Moral Intensity, and Social Context on Sales-Based Ethical Reasoning. Journal of Business Ethics 102 (1):155-168.
Joan Marie McMahon & Robert J. Harvey (2007). The Effect of Moral Intensity on Ethical Judgment. Journal of Business Ethics 72 (4):335 - 357.
Patricia C. Kelley & Dawn R. Elm (2003). The Effect of Context on Moral Intensity of Ethical Issues: Revising Jones's Issue-Contingent Model. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 48 (2):139 - 154.
Loy D. Watley & Douglas R. May (2004). Enhancing Moral Intensity: The Roles of Personal and Consequential Information in Ethical Decision-Making. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 50 (2):105-126.
Susan J. Harrington (1997). A Test of a Person -- Issue Contingent Model of Ethical Decision Making in Organizations. Journal of Business Ethics 16 (4):363-375.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads12 ( #105,038 of 1,018,320 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #65,343 of 1,018,320 )
How can I increase my downloads?