David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Revue de Philosophie Économique 13 (2006)
Joseph Heath1 The Pareto principle states that if a proposed change in the condition of society makes at least one person better off, and does not make anyone else worse off, then that change should be regarded as an improvement. This principle forms the conceptual core of modern welfare economics, and exercises enormous influence in contemporary discussions of justice and equality. It does, however, have an Achilles’ heel. When an individual experiences envy, it means that improvements in the condition of others may worsen the condition of that individual. As a result, envy has the potential to block a vast range of changes that we might intuitively be inclined to regard as Pareto improvements. (Or more precisely, envy results in too many states getting classified as Pareto-optimal, not because, intuitively, they cannot be improved upon, but because no one’s condition can be improved upon without making someone else envious.) For example, a market exchange between two people might not wind up being classified as a Pareto improvement if the benefits produced for the two parties generated envy in some otherwise uninvolved third.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Aaron Ben-Ze'ev (2002). Are Envy, Anger, and Resentment Moral Emotions? Philosophical Explorations 5 (2):148 – 154.
Miriam Cohen Christofidis (2004). Talent, Slavery and Envy in Dworkin's Equality of Resources. Utilitas 16 (3):267-287.
Stan Van Hooft (2002). La Caze on Envy and Resentment. Philosophical Explorations 5 (2):141 – 147.
Marguerite La Caze (2001). Envy and Resentment. Philosophical Explorations 4 (1):31 – 45.
Sven Ove Hansson (2004). Welfare, Justice, and Pareto Efficiency. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (4):361 - 380.
Joseph Heath (2004). Dworkin’s Auction. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 3 (3):313-335.
Yuji Fujinaka & Toyotaka Sakai, The Manipulability of Fair Solutions in Assignment of an Indivisible Object with Monetary Transfers.
Luke Purshouse (2004). Jealousy in Relation to Envy. Erkenntnis 60 (2):179-205.
John Ahier & John Beck (2003). Education and the Politics of Envy. British Journal of Educational Studies 51 (4):320 - 343.
Patrick Tomlin (2008). Envy, Facts and Justice: A Critique of the Treatment of Envy in Justice as Fairness. Res Publica 14 (2):101-116.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads57 ( #84,044 of 1,932,455 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #271,859 of 1,932,455 )
How can I increase my downloads?