David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):608-617 (2001)
The notion of internalization put forth by Roger Shepard continues to be appealing and challenging. He suggests that we have internalized, during our evolutionary development, environmental regularities, or constraints. Internalization solves one of the hardest problems of perceptual psychology: the underspecification problem. That is the problem of how well-defined perceptual experience is generated from the often ambiguous and incomplete sensory stimulation. Yet, the notion of internalization creates new problems that may outweigh the solution of the underspecification problem. To support this claim, I first examine the concept of internalization, breaking it down into several distinct interpretations. These range from well-resolved dynamic regularities to ill-resolved statistical regularities. As a function of the interpretation the researcher selects, an empirical test of the internalization hypothesis may be straightforward or it may become virtually impossible. I then attempt to cover the range of interpretations by drawing on examples from different domains of visual event perception. Unfortunately, the experimental tests regarding most candidate regularities, such as gravitational acceleration, fail to support the concept of internalization. This suggests that narrow interpretations of the concept should be given up in favor of more abstract interpretations. However, the latter are not easily amenable to empirical testing. There is nonetheless a way to test these abstract interpretations by contrasting internalization with the opposite concept: externalization of body dynamics. I summarize evidence for such a projection of body constraints onto external objects. Based on the combined evidence of well-resolved and ill- resolved regularities, the value of the notion of internalization has to be reassessed. Key Words: event perception; evolution; internalization.
|Keywords||event perception evolution internalization|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Francesco Lacquaniti & Mirka Zago (2001). Internalization of Physical Laws as Revealed by the Study of Action Instead of Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):684-685.
David Hilbert & Nick Huggett (2006). Groups in Mind. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):765-777.
Nick Huggett & David R. Hilbert (2006). Groups in Mind. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):765-77.
Michael Kubovy & William Epstein (2001). Internalization: A Metaphor We Can Live Without. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):618-625.
Robert Schwartz (2001). Evolutionary Internalized Regularities. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):626-628.
Margaret Wilson (2001). Internalized Constraints May Function as an Emulator. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):710-711.
Dejan Todorovic (2001). Is Kinematic Geometry an Internalized Regularity? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):641-651.
Adolf Heschl (2001). Adaptation as Genetic Internalization. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):673-674.
Dennis Lomas (2001). Representation of Basic Kinds: Not a Case of Evolutionary Internalization of Universal Regularities. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):686-687.
Horst Krist (2001). The Internalization of Physical Constraints From a Developmental Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):681-682.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads1 ( #306,410 of 1,089,063 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?