David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Medicine Studies 3 (3):171-183 (2012)
The purpose of this article is to argue for a position holding that epigenetic responsibility primarily should be a political and not an individual responsibility. Epigenetic is a rapidly growing research field studying regulations of gene expression that do not change the DNA sequence. Knowledge about these mechanisms is still uncertain in many respects, but main presumptions are that they are triggered by environmental factors and life style and, to a certain extent, heritable to subsequent generations, thereby reminding of aspects of Lamarckism. Epigenetic research advances give rise to intriguing challenges for responsibility relations between the society and the individual. Responsibility is commonly understood in a backwards-looking manner, identifying causally responsible actors to blame for a bad outcome. If only a backwards-looking responsibility model is applied, epigenetics might give rise to arduous responsibility ascriptions to individuals for their health and the health of their future descendants. This would put heavy responsibility burdens on actors constrained by unequal social and economic structures. In contrast, a forward-looking responsibility notion takes account of structural conditions and pay attention to who is best placed to do something about conditions contributing to bad outcomes. A forward-looking responsibility notion would partly free disadvantaged individuals from responsibility, and identify actors with power and capacity to do something about structural factors constraining genuine choice
|Keywords||Epigenetics Responsibility State Individual Health|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
R. S. Downie (1982). Collective Responsibility in Health Care. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 7 (1):43-56.
Charles Dupras, Vardit Ravitsky & Bryn Williams‐Jones (2014). Epigenetics and the Environment in Bioethics. Bioethics 28 (7):327-334.
Ignaas Devisch (2012). Co-Responsibility: A New Horizon for Today's Health Care? [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 20 (2):139-151.
Gunnar Björnsson (2011). Joint Responsibility Without Individual Control: Applying the Explanation Hypothesis. In Jeroen van den Hoven, Ibo van de Poel & Nicole Vincent (eds.), Compatibilist Responsibility: beyond free will and determinism. Springer.
Tracy Lynn Isaacs (2011). Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts. Oxford University Press.
Jessica Nihlén Fahlquist (2009). Moral Responsibility for Environmental Problems—Individual or Institutional? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (2):109-124.
Markus Beckmann & Ingo Pies, Ordo-Responsibility - Conceptual Reflections Towards a Semantic Innovation.
Michael Davis (2012). “Ain't No One Here But Us Social Forces”: Constructing the Professional Responsibility of Engineers. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (1):13-34.
Jessica Christie Ludescher (2011). Sustainable Development and the Destruction of the Amazon. Environmental Ethics 33 (2):197-218.
Lisa H. Newton (1982). Collective Responsibility in Health Care. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 7 (1):11-22.
Melany Banks (2013). Individual Responsibility for Climate Change. Southern Journal of Philosophy 51 (1):42-66.
Serena Parekh (2011). Getting to the Root of Gender Inequality: Structural Injustice and Political Responsibility. Hypatia 26 (4):672-689.
Bindu Madhok (2002). The Price of Frankfurt's Compatibilism. Journal of Philosophical Research 27:577-584.
Stephen Wilmot (2000). Corporate Moral Responsibility in Health Care. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (2):139-146.
Jeffrey J. Bailey (1997). Individual Scapetribing and Responsibility Ascriptions. Journal of Business Ethics 16 (1):47-53.
Added to index2011-12-31
Total downloads17 ( #98,934 of 1,102,762 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #46,777 of 1,102,762 )
How can I increase my downloads?