Affordances and the body: An intentional analysis of Gibson's ecological approach to visual perception
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 19 (1):1–30 (1989)
In his ecological approach to perception, james gibson introduced the concept of affordance to refer to the perceived meaning of environmental objects and events. this paper examines the relational and causal character of affordances, as well as the grounds for extending affordances beyond environmental features with transcultural meaning to include those features with culturally-specific meaning. such an extension is seen as warranted once affordances are grounded in an intentional analysis of perception. toward this end, aspects of merleau-ponty's treatment of perception are explored. finally, a resolution of the apparent tension between the relational and perceiver-independent nature of affordances is presented.
|Keywords||Metaphysics perception visual ecology|
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References found in this work BETA
Michael T. Turvey, R. E. Shaw, Edward S. Reed & William M. Mace (1981). Ecological Laws of Perceiving and Acting: In Reply to Fodor and Pylyshyn. Cognition 9 (3):237-304.
John Dewey (1960/1975). Knowing and the Known. Greenwood Press.
James J. Gibson (1967). New Reasons for Realism. Synthese 17 (1):162 - 172.
Citations of this work BETA
A. Whiten (1992). Mind Reading, Pretence and Imitation in Monkeys and Apes. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (1):170-171.
Evan Thompson, A. Palacios & F. J. Varela (1992). Ways of Coloring. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (1):1-26.
Dorothy L. Cheney & Robert M. Seyfarth (1992). Précis of How Monkeys See the World. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (1):135-147.
Rob Withagen & Anthony Chemero (2011). Affordances and Classification: On the Significance of a Sidebar in James Gibson's Last Book. Philosophical Psychology 25 (4):521 - 537.
Laurence Kaufmann & Fabrice Clément (2014). Wired for Society: Cognizing Pathways to Society and Culture. Topoi 33 (2):459-475.
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Tony Chemero (2001). What We Perceive When We Perceive Affordances: Commentary on Michaels (2000), Information, Perception and Action. Ecological Psychology 13 (2):111-116.
Philip A. Glotzbach (1992). Determining the Primary Problem of Visual Perception: A Gibsonian Response to the Correlation' Objection. Philosophical Psychology 5 (1):69-94.
James J. Gibson (1979). The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Houghton Mifflin.
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