Origins of the logical theory of probability: Von Kries, Wittgenstein, Waismann

Abstract
The physiologist and neo-Kantian philosopher Johannes von Kries (1853-1928) wrote one of the most philosophically important works on the foundation of probability after P.S. Laplace and before the First World War, his Principien der Wohrscheinlich-keitsrechnung (1886, repr. 1927). In this book, von Kries developed a highly original interpretation of probability, which maintains it to be both logical and objectively physical. After presenting his approach I shall pursue the influence it had on Ludwig Wittgenstein and Friedrich Waismann. It seems that von Kries's approach had more potential than recognized in his time and that putting Waismann's and Wittgenstein's early work in a von Kries perspective is able to shed light on the notion of an elementary proposition.
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DOI 10.1080/02698590120059040
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References found in this work BETA
Henri Poincaré (1952). Science and Method. New York]Dover Publications.
Jan Von Plato (1983). The Method of Arbitrary Functions. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 34 (1):37-47.

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Citations of this work BETA
Sandy Zabell (2016). Johannes von Kries’s Principien: A Brief Guide for the Perplexed. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (1):131-150.
Claus Beisbart (2016). A Humean Guide to Spielraum Probabilities. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (1):189-216.
Helmut Pulte (2016). Johannes von Kries’s Objective Probability as a Semi-Classical Concept. Prehistory, Preconditions and Problems of a Progressive Idea. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (1):109-129.
Jacob Rosenthal (2016). Johannes von Kries’s Range Conception, the Method of Arbitrary Functions, and Related Modern Approaches to Probability. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (1):151-170.

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