David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Inquiry 28 (1-4):359 – 371 (1985)
Certain philosophical arguments apparently show that the having of beliefs is tied conceptually to rationality. Such a view, however, seems at odds both with the possibility of irrational belief and with recent empirical discoveries in the psychology of reasoning. The aim of this paper is to move toward a reconciliation of these apparently conflicting perspectives by distinguishing between internalist and externalist conceptions of rationality. It is argued that elements of each are required for a satisfactory theory, one that allows for the possibility of irrationality and makes sense of empirical findings without violating conditions on belief ascription. Normative theories, on this view, constrain the latter while remaining silent on the character of actual psychological mechanisms
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Christopher Cherniak (1981). Feasible Inferences. Philosophy of Science 48 (2):248-268.
John Heil (1984). Doxastic Incontinence. Mind 93 (369):56-70.
John Heil (1983). Perception and Cognition. University of California Press.
D. Jennings, T. M. Amabile & L. Ross (1982). Informal Covariation Assessment: Data-Based Vs. Theory-Based Judgments. In Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic & Amos Tversky (eds.), Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. Cambridge University Press. 211--230.
Citations of this work BETA
J. Christopher Maloney (1990). It's Hard to Believe. Mind and Language 5 (2):122-48.
Newton C. A. da Costa & Steven French (1993). A Model Theoretic Approach to 'Natural' Reasoning. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 7 (2):177-190.
Similar books and articles
Jose Luis Bermudez (2002). Rationality and Psychological Explanation Without Language. In Jose Luis Bermudez & Alan Millar (eds.), Reason and Nature. Clarendon.
Robert Lockie (2004). Knowledge, Provenance and Psychological Explanation. Philosophy 79 (3):421-433.
Richard Reiner (1995). Arguments Against the Possibility of Perfect Rationality. Minds and Machines 5 (3):373-89.
Jonathan Knowles (2002). Is Folk Psychology Different? Erkenntnis 57 (2):199-230.
Philip Gerrans (2001). Delusions as Performance Failures. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry 6 (3).
Lisa Bortolotti (2005). Delusions and the Background of Rationality. Mind and Language 20 (2):189-208.
David Henderson (2010). Explanation and Rationality Naturalized. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 40 (1):30-58.
Xavier Vanmechelen (1998). Does Rationality Presuppose Irrationality. Philosophical Explorations 1 (2):126 – 139.
Ruth Weintraub (1995). Psychological Determinism and Rationality. Erkenntnis 43 (1):67-79.
Added to index2009-03-05
Total downloads10 ( #148,703 of 1,102,976 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #183,254 of 1,102,976 )
How can I increase my downloads?