Calvin and Bernard on Freedom and Necessity: A Reply to Brümmer

Religious Studies 30 (4):457 - 465 (1994)
It is argued that Calvin does not veer between two incompatible accounts of grace, freedom and necessity in "Institutes II". 2, but presents a consistent position. The consistency is evident once it is seen that Calvin carefully distinguished between necessity and compulsion. For him not all necessitated acts are compelled, but all human acts which are the outcome of efficacious divine grace are necessitated by that grace. Because Calvin is consistent, there is no need to suppose that he has mistaken the causal sufficiency of divine saving grace for its causal importance.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.2307/20000113
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index
Download options
PhilPapers Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 16,661
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Seth Benardete (2007). Freedom : Grace and Necessity. In Richard L. Velkley (ed.), Freedom and the Human Person. Catholic University of America Press
Heidi Russell (2010). Efficacious and Sufficient Grace. Philosophy and Theology 22 (1/2):353-372.

Monthly downloads

Added to index


Total downloads

2 ( #539,062 of 1,725,958 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

1 ( #349,693 of 1,725,958 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature

Start a new thread
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.