David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Phronesis 50 (2):150 - 169 (2005)
Proclus composed 18 arguments for the eternity of the world and they survive only because Philoponus, intending to refute Proclus' arguments one by one, quotes each; one copy of Philoponus' work -- and so Proclus' arguments too -- survives. Because of their odd history, these arguments have received little attention either in themselves or in relation to Proclus' other works, even though they are intrinsically interesting and reflect his larger philosophical enterprise. I first examine Argument XVIII, in which Proclus calls on "perpetuity", "eternity", and "time" to argue that the cosmos must be eternal. This argument leaves unanswered two important questions. The cosmos is caused by god and is itself a god; how can a cause and its effect both be gods? Proclus concludes that the cosmos is "a copy of the perpetuity of the eternal"; but what does this phrase -- and the conclusion that it expresses -- mean? To answer these questions, I turn to "The Elements of Theology," a systematic progression of 211 propositions disclosing the causal structure of all reality. "Eternity" and "time", along with "being perpetual", also appear here, particularly in propositions 40-55, to which I turn in the second part of this paper. They are conjoined with what Proclus calls "the Self-Constituted". I argue that by understanding the relation of the Self-Constituted as a cause to its effect, what depends upon another, we can also understand the causal relation between god and the cosmos. The cosmos can be called divine because, via the cause/effect relation between them, god and the cosmos are both eternal; the cosmos is "a copy of the perpetuity of the eternal" because via its relation to god, the cosmos becomes what its cause is, and in this precise sense an effect "imitates" its cause
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
W. O'Neill (1962). Time and Eternity in Proclus. Phronesis 7 (1):161-165.
Dirk Baltzly (2009). Gaia Gets to Know Herself : Proclus on the Self-Perception of the Cosmos. Phronesis 54:261-85.
Dirk Baltzly (2009). Gaia Gets to Know Herself: Proclus on the World's Self-Perception. Phronesis 54 (3):261-285.
Proclus (2008). On the Causes of the Cosmos (27c-29d). In Proclus: Commentary on Plato's Timaeus. Cambridge University Press
John Philoponus (2004). Against Proclus' "on the Eternity of the World, 1-. Cornell University Press.
John Philoponus (2005). Against Proclus's "on the Eternity of the World, 6-8". Cornell University Press.
John Philoponus (2006). Against Proclus's "on the Eternity of the World, 12-18". Cornell University Press.
Michael Share (2008). On the Creation of the Cosmos (29e-31b). In Proclus (ed.), Proclus: Commentary on Plato's Timaeus. Cambridge University Press
W. O'Neill (1962). Time and Eternity in Proclus. Phronesis 7 (2):161 - 165.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads21 ( #137,372 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #231,316 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?