David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Zygon 45 (1):47-74 (2010)
I take the APA publication A Spiritual Strategy for Counseling and Psychotherapy (Richards and Bergin 2005), along with a devoted issue of Journal of Psychology and Theology (Nelson and Slife 2006), as a paradigmatic example of a trend. Other instances include the uncritical use of "Eastern" philosophy in Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology, almost normative appeal to the "Sacred" within the psychology of spirituality, talk of "God in the brain" within neurological research, the neologism entheogen referring to psychedelic drugs, and calls for new specializations such as neurotheology and theobiology. In response to the legitimate ethical requirements of respect and openness regarding clients' religious worldviews, the trend is to make God an essential component in psychological theory. The argument is that God is active in the universe and especially in human affairs to such an extent that any accurate account of strictly psychological matters, not just a comprehensive, interdisciplinary purview that could include a distinct theological dimension, must include God as an explanatory factor. Less nuanced than standard theological thought about divine intervention—including a range of opinions from supernaturalism, to occasionalism, to providential and deistic naturalism—this trend would blur the epistemological differences between religion and science by appeal to claimed knowledge sources such as inspiration and revelation and thus undermine the achievements of evidence-based science and establish particularistic religious beliefs as standard explanatory accounts. The concern to include a spiritual, in contrast to a religious or theist, dimension in psychological theory is welcome; but elaborated approaches, such as my own and those of Roberto Assagioli, Viktor Frankl, and Ken Wilber, open to varied theological applications, already exist.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Karen Armstrong (1993/2004). A History of God: The 4000-Year Quest of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Gramercy Books.
James B. Ashbrook (1984). Neurotheology: The Working Brain and the Work of Theology. Zygon 19 (3):331-350.
Tobin Hart, Peter L. Nelson & Kaisa Puhakka (eds.) (2000). Transpersonal Knowing: Exploring the Horizon of Consciousness. State University of New York Press.
Daniel A. Helminiak (2006). The Role of Spirituality in Formulating a Theory of the Psychology of Religion. Zygon 41 (1):197-224.
Peter C. Hill Jr, Kenneth II Pargament, Ralph W. Hood, Michael E. McCullough, James P. Swyers, David B. Larson & Brian J. Zinnbauer (2000). Conceptualizing Religion and Spirituality: Points of Commonality, Points of Departure. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 30 (1):51–77.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Daniel A. Helminiak (2011). Spirituality as an Explanatory and Normative Science: Applying Lonergan's Analysis of Intentional Consciousness to Relate Psychology and Theology. Heythrop Journal 52 (4):596-627.
Malcolm A. Jeeves (1997/2006). Human Nature: Reflections on the Integration of Psychology and Christianity. Templeton Foundation Press.
Victor L. Schermer (2003). Spirit and Psyche: A New Paradigm for Psychology, Psychoanalysis, and Psychotherapy. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Kari O'Grady & P. Scott Richards (2008). Theistic Psychotherapy and the God Image. In Glendon Moriarty & Louis Hoffman (eds.), God Image Handbook for Spiritual Counseling and Psychotherapy: Research, Theory, and Practice. Haworth Pastoral Press.
Carrie Doehring (2008). A Liberal Protestant Pastoral Theological Approach and the God Image : The Role of God Images in Recovery From Sexual and Physical Abuse. In Glendon Moriarty & Louis Hoffman (eds.), God Image Handbook for Spiritual Counseling and Psychotherapy: Research, Theory, and Practice. Haworth Pastoral Press.
Glendon Moriarty & Louis Hoffman (eds.) (2008). God Image Handbook for Spiritual Counseling and Psychotherapy: Research, Theory, and Practice. Haworth Pastoral Press.
Jon Avery (1993). Three Types of American Neo-Pragmatism. Journal of Philosophical Research 18:1-13.
Edward Henderson (1982). A Critique of Religious Reductionism. Philosophy Research Archives 8:429-456.
Rudi A. Te Velde (2003). ‘The First Thing to Know About God’: Kretzmann and Aquinas on the Meaning and Necessity of Arguments for the Existence of God. Religious Studies 39 (3):251-267.
David R. Harrington (2000). Levinas, Theistic Language, and Psychology. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 7 (1):53-58.
Added to index2010-02-25
Total downloads114 ( #9,048 of 1,102,856 )
Recent downloads (6 months)33 ( #3,085 of 1,102,856 )
How can I increase my downloads?