David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 30 (1):1-16 (2010)
Rationality or reason, traditionally conceived as a universal, essential human faculty, is out of favor these days. Its defenders are few, compared to its many challengers. The challengers are not those who lament the decline of reason but rather those who express an egalitarian impulse, in their determination to refute universal, essential ideals of reason. These challengers are a diverse lot and sometimes prefer to speak instead of “rationalities” , or what Shweder called “divergent rationalities.” This paper considers the question whether this trend toward divergent rationalities is itself reasonable. To answer this question, the paper begins with some standard definitions of rationality or reason, on the understanding that any such standard is what stands in question. This is followed by recent work of Evnine that demonstrates just how our personhood logically entails universal epistemic “dimensions,” some of which are normative, rational dimensions. Evidence that Nisbett and Shweder muster to challenge a universal rationality is then considered, ending with a defense of just that which is challenged. 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
|Keywords||epistemic agency principles of belief rationality reason universals of personhood|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Jon Simons (2001). Democracy is a Failure Worthy of Infinite Repetition. Critical Horizons 2 (1):127-148.
Kai Nielsen (1976). Rationality and Universality. The Monist 59 (3):441-455.
Mieszko Tałasiewicz (2000). Komprehencyjna koncepcja racjonalności nauki. Filozofia Nauki 2.
Carroll Guen Hart (1993). "Power in the Service of Love": John Dewey's Logic and the Dream of a Common Language. Hypatia 8 (2):190 - 214.
Stephen H. Phillips (2002). Does Classicism Explain Universality? Minds and Machines 12 (3):423-434.
Theresa Waynand Tobin (2005). The Non-Modularity of Moral Knowledge. Social Philosophy Today 21:33-50.
Jeff Love & Todd May (2008). From Universality to Inequality. Symposium: The Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy 12 (2):51-69.
Viorel Guliciuc (2008). The Non-Generic Universality and the XXIth Century. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 24:11-17.
Robert G. Turnbull (1960). Imperatives, Logic, and Moral Obligation. Philosophy of Science 27 (4):374-390.
Thomas Kelly (2007). Evidence and Normativity: Reply to Leite. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (2):465–474.
Bernd Carsten Stahl (2008). Discourses on Information Ethics: The Claim to Universality. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):97-108.
Xavier Vanmechelen (1998). Does Rationality Presuppose Irrationality. Philosophical Explorations 1 (2):126 – 139.
Keith Graham (2001). Preconditions for Normative Argumentation in a Pluralist World. Argumentation 15 (4):471-487.
Added to index2010-09-14
Total downloads12 ( #184,411 of 1,696,808 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #346,744 of 1,696,808 )
How can I increase my downloads?