David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy of Science 35 (2):116-133 (1968)
The article is a reappraisal of the requirement of maximal specificity (RMS) proposed by the author as a means of avoiding "ambiguity" in probabilistic explanation. The author argues that RMS is not, as he had held in one earlier publication, a rough substitute for the requirement of total evidence, but is independent of it and has quite a different rationale. A group of recent objections to RMS is answered by stressing that the statistical generalizations invoked in probabilistic explanations must be lawlike, and by arguing that predicates fit for occurrence in lawlike statistical probability statements must meet two conditions, at least one of which is violated in each of the counterexamples adduced in the objections. These considerations suggest the conception that probabilistic-statistical laws concern the long-run frequency of some characteristic within a reference class as characterized by some particular "description" or predicate expression, and that replacement of such a description by a coextensive one may turn a statement that is lawlike into another that is not. Finally, to repair a defect noted by Grandy, the author's earlier formulation of RMS is replaced by a modified version
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Peter Railton (1981). Probability, Explanation, and Information. Synthese 48 (2):233 - 256.
Paul D. Thorn (2012). Two Problems of Direct Inference. Erkenntnis 76 (3):299-318.
Paul D. Thorn (2014). Defeasible Conditionalization. Journal of Philosophical Logic 43 (2-3):283-302.
James H. Fetzer & Donald E. Nute (1979). Syntax, Semantics, and Ontology: A Probabilistic Causal Calculus. Synthese 40 (3):453 - 495.
J. Alberto Coffa (1974). Hempel's Ambiguity. Synthese 28 (2):141 - 163.
Similar books and articles
Lawrence Sklar (1973). Statistical Explanation and Ergodic Theory. Philosophy of Science 40 (2):194-212.
Joseph F. Hanna (1982). Probabilistic Explanation and Probabilistic Causality. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:181 - 193.
Stanley Paluch (1968). The Covering Law Model of Historical Explanation. Inquiry 11 (1-4):368 – 387.
James H. Fetzer (1972). Statistical Explanations. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1972:337 - 347.
Michael Strevens (2000). Do Large Probabilities Explain Better? Philosophy of Science 67 (3):366-390.
Bruce Glymour (1998). Contrastive, Non-Probabilistic Statistical Explanations. Philosophy of Science 65 (3):448-471.
Peter Railton (1978). A Deductive-Nomological Model of Probabilistic Explanation. Philosophy of Science 45 (2):206-226.
Gerhard Schurz (1995). Scientific Explanation: A Critical Survey. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 1 (3):429-465.
James H. Fetzer (1982). Probabilistic Explanations. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:194-207.
Paul Humphreys (1982). Aleatory Explanations Expanded. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:208 - 223.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads96 ( #39,910 of 1,790,190 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #266,358 of 1,790,190 )
How can I increase my downloads?