David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 60 (3):233-249 (2005)
The literature acknowledges a distinction
between immoral, amoral and moral management. This
paper makes a case for the employee (at any level) as a
moral agent, even though the paper begins by highlighting
a body of evidence which suggests that individual
moral agency is sacrificed at work and is
compromised in deference to other pressures. This leads
to a discussion about the notion of discretion and an
examination of a separate, contrary body of literature
which indicates that some individuals in corporations
may use their discretion to behave in a socially entrepreneurial
manner. My underlying assumption is that
CSR isn’t solely driven by economics and that it may
also be championed as a result of a personal morality,
inspired by employees’ own socially oriented personal
values. A conceptual framework is put forward and it is
suggested that individuals may be categorized as Active
or Frustrated Corporate Social Entrepreneurs; Conformists
or Apathetics, distinguished by their individualistic
or collectivist personal values. In a discussion of
the nature of values, this paper highlights how values
may act as drivers of our behavior and pays particular
attention to the values of the entrepreneur, thereby
linking the existing debate on moral agency with the
field of corporate social responsibility.
|Keywords||Champions discretion moral agency entrepreneurship corporate social responsibility values business ethics organisational culture corporate social irresponsibility social psychology|
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