An Evolutionary Approach Toward Exploring Altered States of Consciousness, Mind–Body Techniques, and Non-Local Mind
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
World Futures 67 (3):182 - 200 (2011)
Humans are a part of the complex system including both natural and cultural-technological environment. Evolution of this system included self-amplifying feedbacks that lead to the appearance of human conscious mind. We describe the current state of the understanding of human brain evolution that stresses neurohormonal and biochemical changes rather than simple increase of anatomical substrate for the mind. It follows that human brain is strongly influenced by the state of the body and may operate at various levels of consciousness depending on its biochemical environment created by ingestion of various substances and by specific physical activities. Through the study of the widespread phenomenon of shamanism that uses mind-altering practices we argue that altered states of consciousness and non-local minds are not only real phenomena, but that they are products of natural evolution, valuable for human survival and development. Consideration of altered states of consciousness and broadening of the framework for understanding brain function beyond mechanistic interpretations is necessary to further develop human adaptations and provide a better way of fitting humans as parts of the interconnected system into the global and universal patterns
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Gregory Bateson (1972). Steps to an Ecology of Mind. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
L. Cosmides (1996). Are Humans Good Intuitive Statisticians After All? Rethinking Some Conclusions From the Literature on Judgment Under Uncertainty. Cognition 58 (1):1-73.
Michael Winkelman (2004). Shamanism as the Original Neurotheology. Zygon 39 (1):193-217.
David Kowalewski (2004). Metaphysical Tracking: The Oldest Ecopsychology. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies 23:65-74.
Stanley Krippner & Allan Combs (2002). Stanley Krippner and Allan Combs, The Neurophenomenology of Shamanism: An Essay Review. Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (3):77-82.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
James Hopkins (2000). Evolution, Consciousness, and the Internality of the Mind. In Peter Carruthers & A. Chamberlain (eds.), Evolution and the Human Mind. Cambridge University Press 276.
H. Sidky (2009). A Shaman's Cure: The Relationship Between Altered States of Consciousness and Shamanic Healing. Anthropology of Consciousness 20 (2):171-197.
Tim Crane (2003). The Intentional Structure of Consciousness. In Quentin Smith & Aleksandar Jokic (eds.), Consciousness: New Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford University Press 33-56.
E. M. Macphail (1998). The Evolution of Consciousness. Oxford University Press.
Jim Hopkins (2000). Evolution, Consciousness, and the Internality of Mind. In P. Carruthers & A. Chamberlen (eds.), Evolution and the Human Mind. Cambridge University Press 276.
Benny Shanon (2004). Altered States and the Study of Consciousness: The Case of Ayahuasca. Journal of Mind and Behavior 24 (2):125-154.
John Warren White (ed.) (1974). Frontiers of Consciousness: The Meeting Ground Between Inner and Outer Reality. Julian Press.
Rodney M. J. Cotterill (2000). Did Consciousness Evolve From Self-Paced Probing of the Environment, and Not From Reflexes? Brain and Mind 1 (2):283-298.
Colin McGinn (1989). Can We Solve the Mind-Body Problem? Mind 98 (July):349-66.
Grant Gillett (1999). Consciousness and Lesser States: The Evolutionary Foothills of the Mind. Philosophy 74 (3):331-360.
David M. Rosenthal (1986). Two Concepts of Consciousness. Philosophical Studies 49 (May):329-59.
Added to index2011-03-12
Total downloads35 ( #115,679 of 1,907,606 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #89,919 of 1,907,606 )
How can I increase my downloads?