David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Phronesis 50 (1):1-42 (2005)
Historically embryogenesis has been among the most philosophically intriguing phenomena. In this paper I focus on one aspect of biological development that was particularly perplexing to the ancients: self-organisation. For many ancients, the fact that an organism determines the important features of its own development required a special model for understanding how this was possible. This was especially true for Aristotle, Alexander, and Simplicius who all looked to contemporary technology to supply that model. However, they did not all agree on what kind of device should be used. In this paper I explore the way these ancients made use of technology as a model for the developing embryo. However, my purpose here is more than just the historical interest of knowing which devices were used by whom and how each of them worked; I shall largely ignore the details of how the various devices actually worked. Instead I shall look at the use of technology from a philosophical perspective. As we shall see, the different choices of device reveal fundamental differences in the way each thinker understood the nature of biological development itself. Thus, the central aim of this paper is to examine, not who used what devices and how they worked, but why they used those particular devices and what they thought their functioning could tell us about the nature of embryological phenomena.
|Keywords||Aristotle Embryology Use of Models|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Gabor Betegh & Pavel Gregorić (2013). Multiple Analogy in Ps. Aristotle, De Mundo 6. Classical Quarterly 9 (2):8388.
Similar books and articles
Isabelle Peschard (2007). The Value(s) of a Story: Theories, Models and Cognitive Values. Principia 11 (2):151-169.
Sabina Leonelli & Rachel Ankeny (2011). What’s so Special About Model Organisms? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 42 (2):313-323.
Carl F. Craver (2006). When Mechanistic Models Explain. Synthese 153 (3):355-376.
Daniela M. Bailer-Jones (2003). When Scientific Models Represent. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 17 (1):59 – 74.
Nancy J. Nersessian (2006). Model-Based Reasoning in Distributed Cognitive Systems. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):699-709.
Michael J. White (1992). The Continuous and the Discrete: Ancient Physical Theories From a Contemporary Perspective. Oxford University Press.
Mieke Boon, How Science is Applied in Technology: Explaining Basic Sciences in the Engineering Sciences.
Devin Henry (2005). Embryological Models in Ancient Philosophy. Phronesis 50 (1):1 - 42.
Peter Rodenburg (2005). Models as Measuring Instruments: Measurement of Duration Dependence of Unemployment. Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (3):407-431.
Added to index2010-03-16
Total downloads133 ( #11,143 of 1,700,283 )
Recent downloads (6 months)34 ( #17,385 of 1,700,283 )
How can I increase my downloads?