David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Foundations of Chemistry 7 (1):31-48 (2005)
Lavoisier defined an element as a chemicalsubstance that cannot be decomposed usingcurrent analytical methods. Mendeleev saw anelement as a substance composed of atoms of thesame atomic weight. These `definitions' doquite different things: Lavoisier'sdistinguishes the elements from the compounds,so that the elements may form the basis of acompositional nomenclature; Mendeleev's offersa criterion of sameness and difference forelemental substances, while Lavoisier's doesnot. In this paper I explore the historical andtheoretical background to each proposal.Lavoisier's and Mendeleev's explicitconceptions of elementhood differed from eachother, and from the official IUPAC definitionof `element' of the 1920s. However, Lavoisierand Mendeleev both subscribed to – andemployed – a deeper notion of a chemicalelement as the component of compound substancesthat (i) can survive chemical change, and (ii)explains the chemical behaviour of itscompounds.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Robin Findlay Hendry (2006). Elements, Compounds, and Other Chemical Kinds. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):864-875.
Michael Weisberg & Paul Needham (2010). Matter, Structure, and Change: Aspects of the Philosophy of Chemistry. Philosophy Compass 5 (10):927-937.
Robin Findlay Hendry (2006). Elements, Compounds and Other Chemical Kinds. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):864--875.
Paul Needham (2008). Is Water a Mixure Bridging the Distinction Between Physical and Chemical Properties. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (1):66-77.
Eric Scerri (2006). On the Continuity of Reference of the Elements: A Response to Hendry. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (2):308-321.
Similar books and articles
Philip J. Stewart (2007). A Century on From Dmitrii Mendeleev: Tables and Spirals, Noble Gases and Nobel Prizes. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 9 (3):235-245.
Gordon T. Woods (2010). Mendeleev, the Man and His Matrix: Dmitri Mendeleev, Aspects of His Life and Work: Was He a Somewhat Fortunate Man? [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 12 (3):171-186.
Maurice R. Kibler (2007). From the Mendeleev Periodic Table to Particle Physics and Back to the Periodic Table. Foundations of Chemistry 9 (3):221-234.
R. Vihalemm (2003). Are Laws of Nature and Scientific Theories Peculiar in Chemistry? Scrutinizing Mendeleev's Discovery. Foundations of Chemistry 5 (1):7-22.
Paul Thagard (1990). The Conceptual Structure of the Chemical Revolution. Philosophy of Science 57 (2):183-209.
Wilda Anderson (1985). Rhetoric and Nomenclature in Lavoisier's Chemical Language. Topoi 4 (2):165-169.
Guillermo Restrepo & José Villaveces (2011). Chemistry, a Lingua Philosophica. Foundations of Chemistry 13 (3):233-249.
Masanori Kaji (2003). Mendeleev's Discovery of the Periodic Law: The Origin and the Reception. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 5 (3):189-214.
R. E. & J. Worrall (2001). Prediction and the Periodic Table. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 32 (3):407-452.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads9 ( #157,879 of 1,101,578 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #292,059 of 1,101,578 )
How can I increase my downloads?