David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 61 (1):79 - 99 (2005)
In the present study, I sought to more fully understand stakeholder organizations’ strategies for influencing business firms. I conducted interviews with 28 representatives of four environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOs): Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), Greenpeace, Environmental Defense (ED), and Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS). Qualitative methods were used to analyze this data, and additional data in the form of reviews of websites and other documents was conducted when provided by interviewees or needed to more fully comprehend interviewee’s comments. Six propositions derived from Frooman (1999) formed the basis for the initial data analysis; all six propositions were supported to some extent. Perhaps more interestingly, the data revealed that Frooman’s model is too parsimonious to adequately describe stakeholder influence strategies and related alliances, necessitating the development of an alternative theoretical model grounded in the data collected.
|Keywords||stakeholder influence strategies activist organizations non-governmental organizations environmental organizations stakeholder theory organizations and the natural environment|
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Citations of this work BETA
Yves Fassin (2009). Inconsistencies in Activists' Behaviours and the Ethics of Ngos. Journal of Business Ethics 90 (4):503 - 521.
Yves Fassin (2012). Stakeholder Management, Reciprocity and Stakeholder Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 109 (1):83-96.
Terry Beckman, Alison Colwell & Peggy H. Cunningham (2009). The Emergence of Corporate Social Responsibility in Chile: The Importance of Authenticity and Social Networks. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 86 (2):191 - 206.
Jeff S. Everett, Dean Neu & Daniel Martinez (2008). Multi-Stakeholder Labour Monitoring Organizations: Egoists, Instrumentalists, or Moralists? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 81 (1):117 - 142.
Johanna Kujala (2010). Corporate Responsibility Perceptions in Change: Finnish Managers' Views on Stakeholder Issues From 1994 to 2004. Business Ethics 19 (1):14-34.
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