David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Acta Biotheoretica 47 (2) (1999)
We analyse theories and research approaches in ecology and find that they fall into two internally homogeneous groups of linked ideas, each comprising a unique set of premises. The two sets of interpretive statements are thus mutually exclusive; they constitute alternative theoretical developments in ecology and should not be seen as complementary. They can, therefore, be considered two paradigms (Kuhn, 1962). Our interpretation is supported by the minimal overlap, if any, in the premises and research directions of the two approaches. We label the dominant group of ideas the demographic paradigm and the less developed one the autecological paradigm. The internal logic of the demographic paradigm of ecology is strongly developed and consistent. Its premises and logic extend into current models of population genetics, biogeography, palaeontology, evolutionary theory and conservation biology. Nevertheless, many phenomena contradict the premises of the demographic paradigm; these contradictions cannot be accommodated within its theoretical framework without major disruptions in logic ensuing. Such phenomena can, in contrast, be understood in terms of the autecological paradigm. Because the status and strengths of the autecological paradigm are generally unrecognised and because autecology is frequently misrepresented in the literature, we redefine its premises and clarify its structure and aims as an aid to its future development.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
G. H. Walter (2008). Individuals, Populations and the Balance of Nature: The Question of Persistence in Ecology. Biology and Philosophy 23 (3):417-438.
Similar books and articles
Tim Futing Liao (1990). A Unified Three-Dimensional Framework of Theory Construction and Development in Sociology. Sociological Theory 8 (1):85-98.
Alan R. Drengson (1980). Shifting Paradigms: From the Technocratic to the Person-Planetary. Environmental Ethics 2 (3):221-240.
Jonathan St B. T. Evans (2012). Questions and Challenges for the New Psychology of Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 18 (1):5 - 31.
Robert E. Sanders & Larry W. Martin (1975). Grammatical Rules and Explanations of Behavior. Inquiry 18 (1):65 – 82.
V. Brand (2009). Empirical Business Ethics Research and Paradigm Analysis. Journal of Business Ethics 86 (4):429 - 449.
Augustin Buendia & Carolina Morales (2003). A New Educational Paradigm for Evolving Development. World Futures 59 (8):561 – 568.
K. B. Wray (2011). Kuhn and the Discovery of Paradigms. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (3):380-397.
G. H. Walter & R. Hengeveld (2000). The Structure of the Two Ecological Paradigms. Acta Biotheoretica 48 (1).
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads2 ( #366,597 of 1,102,039 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?