David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 82 (3):481 - 502 (2008)
Hylomorphism offers a third way between animalist approaches to personal identity that maintain psychology is irrelevant to our persistence and neo-Lockean accounts that deny we are animals. A Thomistic-inspired account is provided that explains the intuitive responses to thought experiments involving brain transplants and the transformation of organic bodies into inorganic ones without having to follow the animalist in abandoning the claim that it is our identity that matters in survival nor countenance the puzzles of spatially coincident entities that plague the neo-Lockean. The key is to understand the human being as only contingently an animal. This approach to our animality is one that Catholics have additional reason to hold given certain views about Purgatory, our uniqueness as free and rational creatures, and our having once existed as zygotes.
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Patrick Toner (2011). Hylemorphic Animalism. Philosophical Studies 155 (1):65 - 81.
Patrick Toner (2011). On Hylemorphism and Personal Identity. European Journal of Philosophy 19 (3):454-473.
Patrick Toner (2012). St. Thomas Aquinas on Punishing Souls. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 71 (2):103-116.
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