A universal code of journalism ethics: Problems, limitations, and proposals

Journal of Mass Media Ethics 17 (4):277 – 289 (2002)
As the worlds of economics, politics, culture, and communications face a growing wave of globalization that will likely continue, ethical challenges for journalists have also gone global. I propose a clear division between ethics codes for media owners, the public, and professional journalists and present a set of considerations and specific rules applicable only to the last group. In this article I advocate a universal code of journalistic ethics but point out problems and warn against dangers that have made the application of such codes difficult in the past. A universal code should consider the voluntary nature of such an endeavor, the cultural and economic differences in various journalistic traditions, and the problem of producing solutions acceptable to all involved.
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DOI 10.1207/S15327728JMME1704_03
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Seow Ting Lee (2005). Predicting Tolerance of Journalistic Deception. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 20 (1):22 – 42.

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