David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (2):137 - 152 (2010)
Is the wrongness of an action a reason not to perform it? Of course it is, you may answer. That an action is wrong both explains and justifies not doing it. Yet, there are doubts. Thinking that wrongness is a reason is confused, so an argument by Jonathan Dancy. There can’t be such a reason if ‘ϕ-ing is wrong’ is verdictive, and an all things considered judgment about what (not) to do in a certain situation. Such judgments are based on all the relevant reasons for and against ϕ-ing. If that ϕ-ing is wrong, while being an all things considered verdict, would itself be a reason, it would upset the balance of reasons: it would be a further reason which has not yet been considered in reaching the verdict. Hence, the judgment wasn’t ‘all things considered' after all. I show that the argument against wrongness being a reason is unsuccessful, because its main assumption is false. Is main assumption is that a consideration which necessarily does not affect the balance of reasons is not a reason. I also argue that there can be no deontic buck-passing account.
|Keywords||Deontic buck-passing Practical reasons Wrongness Buck-passing account of value Jonathan Dancy|
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References found in this work BETA
J. L. Austin (1975). How to Do Things with Words. Clarendon Press.
John Broome (2004). Reasons. In R. Jay Wallace (ed.), Reason and Value: Themes From the Moral Philosophy of Joseph Raz. Oxford University Press. 2004--28.
Jonathan Dancy (2004). Ethics Without Principles. Oxford University Press.
Jonathan Dancy (2002). Practical Reality. Oxford University Press.
Eric Funkhouser (2006). The Determinable-Determinate Relation. Noûs 40 (3):548–569.
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