David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 16 (2) (1995)
This paper examines the origin and the development of the mechanistic model of the human body and health in terms of Max Weber's theory of rationalization. It is argued that the development of Western scientific medicine is a part of the broad process of rationalization that began in sixteenth century Europe as a result of the Reformation. The development of the mechanistic view of the human body in Western medicine is consistent with the ideas of calculability, predictability, and control — the major tenets of the process of rationalization as described by Weber. In recent years, however, the limitations of the mechanistic model have been the topic of many discussions. George Engel, a leading advocate of general systems theory, is one of the leading proponents of a new medical model which includes the general quality of life, clean environment, and psychological, or spiritual stability of life. The paper concludes with consideration of the potential of Engel's proposed new model in the context of the current state of rationalization in modern industrialized society.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Charles Birch (1981). The Liberation of Life: From the Cell to the Community. Cambridge University Press.
Bradley Lewis (2007). The Biopsychosocial Model and Philosophic Pragmatism: Is George Engel a Pragmatist? Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (4):pp. 299-310.
Peter Fazekas & Gergely Kertész (2011). Causation at Different Levels: Tracking the Commitments of Mechanistic Explanations. Biology and Philosophy 26 (3):365-383.
V. Lemesle & L. Mailleret (2008). A Mechanistic Investigation of the Algae Growth “Droop” Model. Acta Biotheoretica 56 (1):87-102.
Ron Sun (1999). Accounting for the Computational Basis of Consciousness: A Connectionist Approach. Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):529-565.
Denis Forest (2009). Comments on William Bechtel's “Looking Down, Around, and Up: Mechanistic Explanation in Psychology”. Philosophical Psychology 22 (5):565-573.
Raoul Gervais & Erik Weber (2013). Plausibility Versus Richness in Mechanistic Models. Philosophical Psychology 26 (1):139-152.
M. Haque (2000). Environmental Discourse and Sustainable Development Linkages and Limitations. Ethics and the Environment 5 (1):3-21.
Carl F. Craver (2006). When Mechanistic Models Explain. Synthese 153 (3):355-376.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads20 ( #96,889 of 1,410,276 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #177,872 of 1,410,276 )
How can I increase my downloads?