Can artificial parthenogenesis sidestep ethical pitfalls in human therapeutic cloning? An historical perspective
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (12):733-735 (2005)
The aim of regenerative medicine is to reconstruct tissue that has been lost or pathologically altered. Therapeutic cloning seems to offer a method of achieving this aim; however, the ethical debate surrounding human therapeutic cloning is highly controversial. Artificial parthenogenesis—obtaining embryos from unfertilised eggs—seems to offer a way to sidestep these ethical pitfalls. Jacques Loeb , the founding father of artificial parthogenesis, faced negative public opinion when he published his research in 1899. His research, the public’s response to his findings, and his ethical foundations serve as an historical argument both for the communication of science and compromise in biological research
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Teresa Woodruff, Candace Tingen, Lisa Campo-Engelstein & Sarah Rodriguez (2011). An Obscure Rider Obstructing Science: The Conflation of Parthenotes with Embryos in the Dickey-Wicker Amendment. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (3):20-28.
William Paul Kabasenche (2011). What It Is: The Biology and Moral Status of Parthenotes and Embryos. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (3):29-30.
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