David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophia 36 (4):545-566 (2008)
Hume seems to claim that there does not exist a valid argument that has all non-ethical sentences as premises and an ethical sentence as its conclusion. Starting with Prior, a number of counterexamples to this claim have been proposed. Unfortunately, all of these proposals are controversial. Even the most plausible have a premise that seems like it might be an ethical sentence or a conclusion that seems like it might be non-ethical. Since it is difficult to tell whether any of these counterexamples are genuine, we need a taxonomy that sorts out ethical sentences from non-ethical ones. We need to know the difference between an ‘Is’ and an ‘Ought’. In the first part of the paper, I establish the need for a taxonomy. I consider some of the most influential ‘Is’–‘Ought’ derivations. These include proposals by Prior and Searle. I argue that each proposal has a premise whose status as ethical or non-ethical is difficult to determine. In the second part of the paper, I consider taxonomies proposed by Karmo and Maitzen. I argue against both taxonomies. I end with the claim that we need a taxonomy of ethical sentences and that none of the current proposals are adequate.
|Keywords||‘Is’–‘ought’ derivation Taxonomy of ethical sentences Ethical nihilism Possible world Ethical standard|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Scott Hill (2009). Good News for the Logical Autonomy of Ethics. Argumentation 23 (2):277-283.
Similar books and articles
Simon Kirchin (2003). Ethical Phenomenology and Metaethics. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (3):241-264.
Richard Niesche & Malcom Haase (2012). Emotions and Ethics: A Foucauldian Framework for Becoming an Ethical Educator. Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (3):276-288.
Mark S. Schwartz (2003). The "Ethics" of Ethical Investing. Journal of Business Ethics 43 (3):195 - 213.
Malcom Haase (2012). Emotions and Ethics: A Foucauldian Framework for Becoming an Ethical Educator. Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (3):276-288.
Andrew Piker (2002). Ethical Immunity in Business: A Response to Two Arguments. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 36 (4):337 - 346.
Dean Neu (2001). Ethical Discourse and Canadian Ca's, 1912–1997. Journal of Business Ethics 30 (3):291 - 304.
Stephen Maitzen (2008). Anti-Autonomism Defended: A Reply to Hill. Philosophia 36 (4):567-574.
Campbell Brown (2014). Minding the Is-Ought Gap. Journal of Philosophical Logic 43 (1):53-69.
Hallvard Lillehammer (2011). The Epistemology of Ethical Intuitions. Philosophy 86 (336):175-200.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads86 ( #17,044 of 1,140,337 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #60,710 of 1,140,337 )
How can I increase my downloads?