Philosophical Studies (forthcoming)
|Abstract||Fred Dretske, Michael Tooley, and David Armstrong accept a theory of governing laws of nature according to which laws are atomic states of affairs that necessitate corresponding natural regularities. Some philosophers object to the Dretske/Tooley/Armstrong theory on the grounds that there is no illuminating account of the necessary connection between governing law and natural regularity. In response, Michael Tooley has provided a reductive account of this necessary connection in his book *Causation* (1987). In this essay, I discuss an improved version of his account and argue that it fails. First the account cannot be extended to explain the necessary connection between certain sorts of laws--namely, probabilistic laws and laws relating structural universals--and their corresponding regularities. Second, Tooley's account succeeds only by (very subtly) incorporating primitive necessity elsewhere, so the problem of avoiding primitive necessity is merely relocated.|
|Keywords||metaphysics laws of nature Humeanism inference problem|
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