David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Mind and Language 29 (1):51-72 (2014)
Intuitions about intentional action have turned out to be sensitive to normative factors: most people say that an indifferent agent brings about an effect of her action intentionally when it is harmful, but unintentionally when it is beneficial. Joshua Knobe explains this asymmetry, which is known as ‘the Knobe effect’, in terms of the moral valence of the effect, arguing that this explanation generalizes to other asymmetries concerning notions as diverse as deciding and being free. I present an alternative explanation of the Knobe effect in terms of normative reasons. This explanation generalizes to other folk psychological notions such as deciding, but not to such notions as being free. I go on to argue, against Knobe, that offering a unified explanation of all the asymmetries he discusses is in fact undesirable
|Keywords||Knobe effect intentional action moral valence normative reasons indifference uniification deciding freedom causation|
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References found in this work BETA
Thomas Scanlon (1998). What We Owe to Each Other. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Michael Smith (1994). The Moral Problem. Blackwell.
Michael Bratman (1987). Intention, Plans, and Practical Reason. Center for the Study of Language and Information.
Mark Andrew Schroeder (2007). Slaves of the Passions. Oxford University Press.
Joshua Knobe (2003). Intentional Action and Side Effects in Ordinary Language. Analysis 63 (3):190–194.
Citations of this work BETA
Jonathan Phillips, Jamie B. Luguri & Joshua Knobe (2015). Unifying Morality’s Influence on Non-Moral Judgments: The Relevance of Alternative Possibilities. Cognition 145:30-42.
Paulo Sousa, Colin Holbrook & Lauren Swiney (2015). Moral Asymmetries in Judgments of Agency Withstand Ludicrous Causal Deviance. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
Katarzyna Paprzycka (2015). The Omissions Account of the Knobe Effect and the Asymmetry Challenge. Mind and Language 30 (5):550-571.
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