David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (3):562–587 (2005)
How can I give you a reason to believe what I tell you? I can influence the evidence available to you. Or I can simply invite your trust. These two ways of giving reasons work very differently. When a speaker tells her hearer that p, I argue, she intends that he gain access to a prima facie reason to believe that p that derives not from evidence but from his mere understanding of her act. Unlike mere assertions, acts of telling give reasons directly. They give reasons by inviting the hearer’s trust. This yields a novel form of anti-reductionism in the epistemology of testimony. The status of testimony as a sui generis source of epistemic warrant is entailed by the nature of the act of telling. We can discover the nature of this illocution, and its epistemic role, by examining how it functions in the real world of human relations.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Joseph Shieber (2012). Against Credibility. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (1):1 - 18.
Elizabeth Fricker (2006). Second-Hand Knowledge. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (3):592–618.
Pamela Hieronymi (2008). The Reasons of Trust. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (2):213 – 236.
Elizabeth Fricker (2012). Stating and Insinuating. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 86 (1):61-94.
Benjamin McMyler (2007). Knowing at Second Hand. Inquiry 50 (5):511 – 540.
Similar books and articles
Kristina Rolin (2002). Gender and Trust in Science. Hypatia 17 (4):95-118.
Snježana Prijić-Samaržija (2001). Trust and Epistemic Cooperation. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):147-157.
Lars Hertzberg (1988). On the Attitude of Trust. Inquiry 31 (3):307 – 322.
Daniel Friedrich & Nicholas Southwood (2011). Promises and Trust. In Hanoch Sheinman (ed.), Promises and Agreement: Philosophical Essays. Oxford University Press.
Edward Hinchman (2003). Trust and Diachronic Agency. Noûs 37 (1):25–51.
Tomoji Shogenji (2006). A Defense of Reductionism About Testimonial Justification of Beliefs. Noûs 40 (2):331–346.
Edward Hinchman (2005). Advising as Inviting to Trust. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 35 (3):355-386.
Fabrice Clément (2010). To Trust or Not to Trust? Children's Social Epistemology. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (4):531-549.
Paul Faulkner (2007). What is Wrong with Lying? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (3):535–557.
J. M. Bernstein (2011). Trust: On the Real but Almost Always Unnoticed, Ever-Changing Foundation of Ethical Life. Metaphilosophy 42 (4):395-416.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads56 ( #26,167 of 1,096,272 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #21,534 of 1,096,272 )
How can I increase my downloads?