David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophers' Imprint 11 (12):1-28 (2011)
In Nicomachean Ethics 10.7, Aristotle says that the contemplative wise person living the happiest and most self-sufficient life will need other people less than a person living a life of practical virtue. This seems to be in tension with Aristotle's emphasis elsewhere on the political nature of human beings. I analyze in detail Aristotle's most elaborate defense of the need for friends in the happy life in Nicomachean Ethics 9.9 to see whether and how he resolves the need for friends with the self-sufficiency of the happy life. The virtue-friendship described in the chapter does turn out to be more compatible with the self-contained unity of a happy life than other sorts of friendship, because collaboration in virtuous activities integrates the friend into one's activities. This is true even for contemplative friendship, where, as Aristotle suggests in the ornate final argument of 9.9, the friends collaboratively contemplate human nature and take pleasure in the goodness of human life. The unity achieved in this kind of friendship is an imitation of God's self-contemplative and self-contained unity. Nonetheless, I conclude, there is no evidence that Aristotle did not think that friendship was conditioned on human failings and so that friends would be less necessary for those leading the most excellent contemplative lives.
|Keywords||Aristotle Friendship Self-Knowledge|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Ekow N. Yankah (2013). Legal Vices and Civic Virtue: Vice Crimes, Republicanism and the Corruption of Lawfulness. [REVIEW] Criminal Law and Philosophy 7 (1):61-82.
Similar books and articles
Walter A. Brogan (2002). Gadamer's Praise of Theory: Aristotle's Friend and the Reciprocity Between Theory and Practice. Research in Phenomenology 32 (1):141-155.
Joyce L. Jenkins (1999). The Advantages of Civic Friendship. Journal of Philosophical Research 24:459-471.
R. K. Bentley (2013). Civic Friendship and Thin Citizenship. Res Publica 19 (1):5-19.
Yuanguo He (2007). Confucius and Aristotle on Friendship: A Comparative Study. [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (2):291-307.
Aristotle (1999). Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics, Books Viii and Ix. Clarendon Press.
Barbro Fröding & Martin Peterson (2012). Why Virtual Friendship is No Genuine Friendship. Ethics and Information Technology 14 (3):201-207.
Wanda Cizewski (1992). Friendship With God? Philosophy and Theology 6 (4):369-381.
Eric Mullis (2010). Confucius and Aristotle on the Goods of Friendship. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (4):391-405.
Dirk Baltzly & Nick Eliopoulos (2009). The Classical Ideals of Friendship. In Barabara Caine (ed.), Friendship: a history,. Equinox.
Mavis Biss (2011). Aristotle on Friendship and Self-Knowledge: The Friend Beyond the Mirror. History of Philosophy Quarterly 28 (2):125.
Stephen A. Calogero (1998). The Self in Aristotle's Ethics. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 5 (2/3):85-95.
A. W. Price (1989). Love and Friendship in Plato and Aristotle. Oxford University Press.
Added to index2011-10-01
Total downloads124 ( #10,441 of 1,692,506 )
Recent downloads (6 months)20 ( #9,982 of 1,692,506 )
How can I increase my downloads?