Human dignity and fundamental freedoms - global values of human rights: A response to cultural relativism
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Sixty years ago, on this day of 10th December 1948 at Paris, the state members of the United Nations, for the noble purposes stated in the 1945 Charter, for peace and respecting for fundamental human rights, dignity and values, maintaining justice and promoting social progress, adopted a World Declaration on Human Rights in order to confirm human values, inherent and unchangeable, of each private human being in the whole mankind community. Since then, the Declaration has become a common standard for all people, nations and states to try their best to guarantee and enforce the fundamental human rights and freedom, promote and strengthen tolerance and respect of human dignity and values. Despite the fact is that the formulation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was not reflected the full representation of diverse cultures and ideologies, as well as its historical shortcomings, its establishment is a great ever achievement of humankind in term of the progress of liberty, equality and human rights. The creation of the UDHR reflected the noble aspiration of human beings experiencing thousands of years of human history, especially at the time of the massive killings of people as a result of the most destructive wars (world wars 1 and 2), genocides, the ideology-based divided world, and the ignorance of human values, dignity and freedom spreading out all over the planet. Therefore, the need of a common international standard was more than ever before required and the establishment of a universal declaration of human rights was evitable. One of the reasons why this document is the world's most widely recognised international document because every culture and nation finds it as not only a highest aspiration, but also a common heritage of their cultures, religions and traditions of thoughts. Above of those the UDHR is a global language of our world of diverse cultures and ideologies; it is the foundation of peace, security, tolerance and human development. The recognition of universal human rights has been echoing the long-lasting aspiration of human beings on the fight for their dignity, fundamental freedoms and development. Although set out in the UDHR sixty years ago and there have been a lot of achievements in relation to the evolution and realization of human rights for all peoples, nations and individuals, many universal human rights have been deprived and seriously violated across the world. This requires greater, consistent efforts of the humankind community in bringing fully the noble implications of the UDHR into reality.
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