David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of the History of Biology 42 (3):399 - 416 (2009)
When socio-economic contexts are sought for Darwin's science, it is customary to turn to the Industrial Revolution. However, important issues about the long run of England's capitalisms can only be recognised by taking a wider view than Industrial Revolution historiographies tend to engage. The role of land and finance capitalisms in the development of the empire is one such issue. If we historians of Darwin's science allow ourselves a distinction between land and finance capitalisms on the one hand and industrial capitalism on the other; and if we ask with which side of this divide were Darwin and his theory of branching descent by natural selection aligned, then reflection on leading features of that theory, including its Malthusian elements, suggests that the answer is often and largely, though not exclusively: on the land side. The case of Wallace, socialist opponent of land capitalism, may not be as anomalous for this suggestion as one might at first think. Social and economic historians have reached no settled consensuses on the long-run of England's capitalisms. We historians of Darwin's science would do well to import some of these unsettled states of discussion into our own work over the years to come.
|Keywords||Darwin Wallace Malthus natural selection capitalism land finance empire industry industrial revolution class political economy population|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
J. Hodges & Gregory Radick (eds.) (2003). The Cambridge Companion to Darwin. Cambridge University Press.
David Kohn (2009). Darwin's Keystone : The Principle of Divergence. In Michael Ruse & Robert J. Richards (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the "Origin of Species". Cambridge University Press.
James Moore (2005). Revolution of the Space Invaders: Darwin and Wallace on the Geography of Life. In David N. Livingstone & Charles W. J. Withers (eds.), Geography and Revolution. University of Chicago Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Samprit Chakrabarti, The Contract Theory and Industrialization in a Traditional Agricultural Society - a Case Analysis with Reference to India.
Charles Starkey (2007). The Land Ethic, Moral Development, and Ecological Rationality. Southern Journal of Philosophy 45 (1):149-175.
Todd S. Mei (2012). An Economic Turn: A Hermeneutical Reinterpretation of Political Economy with Respect to the Question of Land. Research in Phenomenology 41 (3):297-326.
Lotsmart Fonjong, Irene Fokum Sama-Lang & Lawrence Fon Fombe (2012). Implications of Customary Practices on Gender Discrimination in Land Ownership in Cameroon. Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (3):260-274.
Michael P. Nelson (1996). Holists and Fascists and Paper Tigers...Oh My! Ethics and the Environment 1 (2):103 - 117.
Kristin S. Shrader-Frechette (1988). Agriculture, Ethics, and Restrictions on Property Rights. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (1):21-40.
Ernest Partridge (1996). Ecological Morality and Nonmoral Sentiments. Environmental Ethics 18 (2):149-163.
Margaret C. Jacob (1997). Scientific Culture and the Making of the Industrial West. Oxford University Press.
Blessings Chinsinga, Michael Chasukwa & Sane Pashane Zuka (2013). The Political Economy of Land Grabs in Malawi: Investigating the Contribution of Limphasa Sugar Corporation to Rural Development. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (6):1065-1084.
Xavier de Scheemaekere, Essays in Mathematical Finance and in the Epistemology of Finance / Essais En Finance Mathématique Et En Epistémologie de la Finance.
David L. Hull (2005). Deconstructing Darwin: Evolutionary Theory in Context. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 38 (1):137 - 152.
Brian Weatherson (2003). Nine Objections to Steiner and Wolff on Land Disputes. Analysis 63 (4):321–327.
Roman Briggs (2009). The Greening of Heart and Mind: A Love Story. Environmental Ethics 31 (2):155-168.
Burke A. Hendrix (2005). Memory in Native American Land Claims. Political Theory 33 (6):763 - 785.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads24 ( #76,806 of 1,101,859 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #68,243 of 1,101,859 )
How can I increase my downloads?