Teaching old dogs new tricks: The role of analogies in bioethical analysis and argumentation concerning new technologies [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (5):397-413 (2006)
New medical technologies provide us with new possibilities in health care and health care research. Depending on their degree of novelty, they may as well present us with a whole range of unforeseen normative challenges. Partly, this is due to a lack of appropriate norms to perceive and handle new technologies. This article investigates our ways of establishing such norms. We argue that in this respect analogies have at least two normative functions: they inform both our understanding and our conduct. Furthermore, as these functions are intertwined and can blur moral debates, a functional investigation of analogies can be a fruitful part of ethical analysis. We argue that although analogies can be conservative; because they bring old concepts to bear upon new ones, there are at least three ways in which they can be creative. First, understandings of new technologies are quite different from the analogies that established them, and come to be analogies themselves. That is, the concepts may turn out to be quite different from the analogies that established them. Second, analogies transpose similarities from one area into another, where they previously had no bearing. Third, analogies tend to have a figurative function, bringing in something new and different from the content of the analogies. We use research-biobanking as a practical example in our investigations.
|Keywords||Analogies biobank research epistemological norms moral norms|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
John R. Welch (1994). Hacia Una Lógica de Analogía. Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofía 20:161-167.
John L. Hammond (1986). Divine Command Theories and Human Analogies. Journal of Religious Ethics 14 (1):216 - 223.
Peter Kroes (1989). Structural Analogies Between Physical Systems. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (2):145-154.
Margaret Boden (1997). Douglas Hofstadter and the Fluid Analogies Research Group, Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies: Computer Models of the Fundamental Mechanisms of Thought. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 7 (3):460-464.
Mary S. Morgan (1997). The Technology of Analogical Models: Irving Fisher's Monetary Worlds. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):314.
Cameron Shelley (1999). Multiple Analogies in Archaeology. Philosophy of Science 66 (4):579-605.
Dirk Schlimm (2008). Two Ways of Analogy: Extending the Study of Analogies to Mathematical Domains. Philosophy of Science 75 (2):178-200.
Bjørn Hofmann, Jan Helge Solbakk & Søren Holm (2006). Analogical Reasoning in Handling Emerging Technologies: The Case of Umbilical Cord Blood Biobanking. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (6):49 – 57.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads9 ( #127,169 of 1,018,318 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #65,343 of 1,018,318 )
How can I increase my downloads?