David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Frege begins his discussion of factives in 'On Sense and Reference' with an example of a purported contra-factive, i.e. a verb that entails the falsity of the complement sentence. But the verb he cites, 'waehnen', is now obsolete, and native speakers are sceptical about whether it really was a contra-factive. Despite the profusion of factive verbs, there are no clear examples of contra-factive propositional attitude verbs in English, French or German (or indeed any other Indo-European languages). This paper attempts to give an explanation of why there are no contra-factives, and to use this to shed light on the behaviour of factives more generally. The suggestion is that factive propositional attitude verbs take facts, not propositions, as the referents of their complement sentences; and that as there are no contra-facts (merely false propositions), there can be no contra-factives. This claim is also used to help explain Timothy Williamson's observation that knowledge is the weakest stative propositional attitude factive.. Complexity amongst the factives is then explored.
|Keywords||Factives Facts Propositional Attitudes|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Philip L. Peterson (2000). Fact-, Proposition-, and Event-Individuation. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2000:29-36.
J. J. MacIntosh (1984). Fitch's Factives. Analysis 44 (4):153 - 158.
Bernard Linsky (1986). Factives, Blindspots and Some Paradoxes. Analysis 46 (1):10 - 15.
Graeme Forbes (2011). The Problem of Factives for Sense Theories. Analysis 71 (4):654-662.
K. Gluer & P. Pagin (2012). Reply to Forbes. Analysis 72 (2):298-303.
Catherine Elgin (2007). Understanding and the Facts. Philosophical Studies 132 (1):33 - 42.
Paul Egré (2008). Question-Embedding and Factivity. Grazer Philosophische Studien 77 (1):85-125.
Nathan Klinedinst & Daniel Rothschild (forthcoming). Exhaustivity in Questions with Non-Factives. Semantics and Pragmatics.
Kjell Johan Sæbø (2009). Judgment Ascriptions. Linguistics and Philosophy 32 (4):327-352.
Reinhard Muskens (1993). Propositional Attitudes. In R. E. Asher & J. M. Y. Simpson (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Pergamon Press.
Friederike Moltmann (2003). Propositional Attitudes Without Propositions. Synthese 135 (1):77 - 118.
Alex Grzankowski (2012). Not All Attitudes Are Propositional. European Journal of Philosophy.
Added to index2012-04-25
Total downloads67 ( #27,974 of 1,692,743 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #38,408 of 1,692,743 )
How can I increase my downloads?