|Abstract||The standard account of weakness of will identifies it with akrasia, that is, with action against one's best judgment. Elsewhere I have argued that weakness of will is better understood as over-readily giving up on one's resolutions. Many cases of weak willed action will not be akratic: in over-readily abandoning a resolution an agent may well do something that they judge at the time to be best. Indeed, in so far as temptation typically gives rise to judgment shift -- to a tendency to change one's judgment so that one values the tempting option as the best -- weak willed action will typically be akratic. But conversely, strong willed action now looks as though it will be akratic. I argue though that it need not be, once we distinguish between actual judgment, and dispositions to judge. Within this framework, the issue of inverse akrasia looks rather different. I argue that whilst Huckleberry Finn plausibly does show weakness of will in abandoning his resolve to turn Jim in, it is far from clear that he is akratic: a point brought out well in Twain's later additions to the text. Whilst cases of inverse akrasia are clearly theoretically possible, I suggest that, given cognitive dissonance mechanisms, they are unlikely to be very common.|
|Keywords||action theory akrasia weakness of will|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
Edmund Henden (2004). Intentions, All-Out Evaluations and Weakness of the Will. Erkenntnis 61 (1):53-74.
Christopher Bobonich & Pierre Destrée (eds.) (2007). Akrasia in Greek Philosophy: From Socrates to Plotinus. Brill.
Christopher Cordner (1985). Jackson on Weakness of Will. Mind 94 (374):273-280.
Sergio Tenenbaum (1999). The Judgment of a Weak Will. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (4):875-911.
Alfred Mele (2010). Weakness of Will and Akrasia. Philosophical Studies 150 (3):391–404.
Christine Tappolet (2003). Emotions and the Intelligibility of Akratic Action. In Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Amelie Rorty (1983). Akratic Believers. American Philosophical Quarterly 20 (2):175-183.
Richard Holton (1999). Intention and Weakness of Will. Journal of Philosophy 96 (5):241-262.
Arthur F. Walker (1989). The Problem of Weakness of Will. Noûs 23 (5):653-676.
Added to index2010-01-18
Total downloads196 ( #1,356 of 549,224 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #7,855 of 549,224 )
How can I increase my downloads?