David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Cambridge University Press (1977)
All social theorists and philosophers who seek to explain human action have a 'model of man', a metaphysical view of human nature. Some make man a plastic creature of nature and nurture, some present him as the autonomous creator of his social world, some offer a compromise. Each view needs its own theory of scientific knowledge calling for philosophic appraisal and the compromise sets harder puzzles than either. Passive accounts of man, for example, have a robust notion of causal explanation but cannot either find or dispense with a self to apply them to. Active accounts rightly stress an autonomous self, but lack a proper concept of explanation. Martin Hollis takes these tensions and contrasts from the thought of sociologists, economists, and psychologists. He then develops a model of his own - one which seeks to connect personal and social identity through an ambitious theory of rational action and a priori knowledge, proposing a sense in which men can act freely and still be a subject for scientific explanation.
|Keywords||Human beings Social action|
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J. David Velleman (2002). Motivation by Ideal. Philosophical Explorations 5 (2):89 – 103.
Kenneth J. Gergen (1990). Reflections on a Catalytic Companion Kenneth J. Gergen. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 20 (4):305–321.
David Gorman (1987). Provocation on Belief: Part. Social Epistemology 1 (1):97 – 99.
Wendelin Reich (2010). Three Problems of Intersubjectivity—And One Solution. Sociological Theory 28 (1):40 - 63.
Mark Kaplan (1989). The Nature of Human Nature and its Bearing on Public Health Policy: An Application. Social Epistemology 3 (3):251 – 259.
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