David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Cambridge University Press (1977)
All social theorists and philosophers who seek to explain human action have a 'model of man', a metaphysical view of human nature. Some make man a plastic creature of nature and nurture, some present him as the autonomous creator of his social world, some offer a compromise. Each view needs its own theory of scientific knowledge calling for philosophic appraisal and the compromise sets harder puzzles than either. Passive accounts of man, for example, have a robust notion of causal explanation but cannot either find or dispense with a self to apply them to. Active accounts rightly stress an autonomous self, but lack a proper concept of explanation. Martin Hollis takes these tensions and contrasts from the thought of sociologists, economists, and psychologists. He then develops a model of his own - one which seeks to connect personal and social identity through an ambitious theory of rational action and a priori knowledge, proposing a sense in which men can act freely and still be a subject for scientific explanation.
|Keywords||Human beings Social action|
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Citations of this work BETA
J. David Velleman (2002). Motivation by Ideal. Philosophical Explorations 5 (2):89 – 103.
Svend Brinkmann (2006). Mental Life in the Space of Reasons. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 36 (1):1–16.
Steve Smith (2001). Many (Dirty) Hands Make Light Work: Martin Hollis's Account of Social Action. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 4 (4):123-148.
Wendelin Reich (2010). Three Problems of Intersubjectivity-And One Solution. Sociological Theory 28 (1):40-63.
Roger D. Spegele (1982). Rediscovering Debates in the International Studies: Morton Kaplan's System Epistemology Revisited. [REVIEW] Theory and Decision 14 (3):293-328.
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