David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal Of Consciousness Studies 8 (4):62-78 (2001)
(I) John Searle's conception of consciousness in the 'Mind the Gap' issue of the Journal of Consciousness Studies remains short on content, no advance on either materialism or traditional dualism. Still, it is sufficiently contentful to be self-contradictory. And so his Biological Subjectivity on Two Levels, like materialism and dualism, needs replacing by a radically different conception of consciousness -- such as Consciousness as Existence. (II) From his idea that we can discover 'gaps', seeming absences of causal circumstances, in our experience of deciding and acting, Searle is led to the positing of a self and to mysterious causing. (III) In fact philosophers of determinism and freedom over three centuries have concerned themselves with what are now termed 'gaps'. Searle's advance is a useful terminological one. Compatibilist philosophers of freedom, contrary to what is said, have not missed any point at all. A successor to both Compatibilism and Incompatibilism is needed. (IV) Searle's previous account of deciding and acting in Biological Subjectivity on Two Levels does indeed fail because of its epiphenomenalism. (V) The culmination of his paper, his preferred hypothesis now about deciding and acting, is that down-up causation is true of it but not left-right causation. Quantum Theory as often interpreted doesn't work down-up but does work left-right. The hypothesis is entirely in the tradition of the Incompatibilist and Libertarian philosophers of determinism and freedom, whom Searle has joined, but is factually incredible.
|Keywords||Consciousness Dualism Metaphysics Mind Searle, J|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
John R. Searle (2004). Mind: A Brief Introduction. Oxford University Press.
Charles Taliaferro (2005). The Give and Take of Biological Naturalism: John Searle and the Case for Dualism. Philosophia Christi 7 (2):447-462.
Andrew Beards (1994). John Searle and Human Consciousness. Heythrop Journal 35 (3):281-295.
Frederick M. Stoutland (1994). Searle's Consciousness: A Review of John Searle's The Rediscovery of the Mind. [REVIEW] Philosophical Books 35 (4):245-254.
Robert G. Burton (1995). Searle on Rediscovering the Mind. Man and World 28 (2):163-174.
Daniel E. Palmer (1998). Searle on Consciousness: Or How Not to Be a Physicalist. Ratio 11 (2):159-169.
Kevin J. Corcoran (2001). The Trouble with Searle's Biological Naturalism. Erkenntnis 55 (3):307-324.
Corbin Collins (1997). Searle on Consciousness and Dualism. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 5 (1):15-33.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads69 ( #20,143 of 1,098,623 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #113,599 of 1,098,623 )
How can I increase my downloads?