Contractualism, spare wheel, aggregation

In Matt Matravers (ed.), Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy. Frank Cass 53-76 (2003)
This essay explores the reasons for thinking that Scanlon's contractualist principle serves merely as a ?spare wheel?, an element that spins along nicely but bears no real weight, because it presupposes too much of what it should be explaning. The ambitions and scope of Scanlon's contractualism are discussed, as is Scanlon's thesis that contracualism will assess candidate moral principles individually rather than as sets. The final third of the paper critizes Scanlon's account of fairness and his approach to cases where agents can save either one person or many people
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DOI 10.1080/13698230410001702592
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Nicholas Southwood (2009). Moral Contractualism. Philosophy Compass 4 (6):926-937.

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