David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (4):527-551 (2003)
Elliot Sober () forcefully restates his well-known counterexample to Reichenbach's principle of the common cause: bread prices in Britain and sea levels in Venice both rise over time and are, therefore, correlated; yet they are ex hypothesi not causally connected, which violates the principle of the common cause. The counterexample employs nonstationary data—i.e., data with time-dependent population moments. Common measures of statistical association do not generally reflect probabilistic dependence among nonstationary data. I demonstrate the inadequacy of the counterexample and of some previous responses to it, as well as illustrating more appropriate measures of probabilistic dependence in the nonstationary case. A challenge to the principle of the common causeSober's argument and the attempts to rescue the principleProbabilistic dependenceNonstationary time seriesProbabilistic dependence in nonstationary time seriesDo Venetian sea levels and British bread prices violate the principle of the common cause?
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Frederick Eberhardt & Richard Scheines (2007). Interventions and Causal Inference. Philosophy of Science 74 (5):981-995.
Zalán Gyenis & Miklós Rédei (2013). Atomicity and Causal Completeness. Erkenntnis 79 (S3):1-15.
Kevin D. Hoover (2015). The Ontological Status of Shocks and Trends in Macroeconomics. Synthese 192 (11):3509-3532.
Clark Glymour (2010). What is Right with 'Bayes Net Methods' and What is Wrong with 'Hunting Causes and Using Them'? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (1):161-211.
Frederick Eberhardt (2009). Introduction to the Epistemology of Causation. Philosophy Compass 4 (6):913-925.
Similar books and articles
Gábor Hofer‐Szabó (2002). Common‐Causes Are Not Common Common‐Causes. Philosophy of Science 69 (4):623-636.
Elliott Sober (1984). Common Cause Explanation. Philosophy of Science 51 (2):212-241.
Jos Uffink (1999). The Principle of the Common Cause Faces the Bernstein Paradox. Philosophy of Science 66 (3):525.
Frank Arntzenius (1992). The Common Cause Principle. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:227 - 237.
Daniel Steel (2003). Making Time Stand Still: A Response to Sober's Counter-Example to the Principle of the Common Cause. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (2):309-317.
Brad Weslake (2006). Common Causes and the Direction of Causation. Minds and Machines 16 (3):239-257.
Frank Arntzenius (1990). Physics and Common Causes. Synthese 82 (1):77 - 96.
Iñaki San Pedro (2011). Venetian Sea Levels, British Bread Prices and the Principle of the Common Cause: A Reassessment. In H. de Regt, S. Okasha & S. Hartmann (eds.), EPSA Philosophy of Science: Amsterdam 2009. Springer 341-354.
Elliott Sober (2001). Venetian Sea Levels, British Bread Prices, and the Principle of the Common Cause. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (2):331-346.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads27 ( #149,805 of 1,911,679 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #458,010 of 1,911,679 )
How can I increase my downloads?