David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Inquiry 47 (6):545 – 561 (2004)
Over the last few decades, psychologists have amassed a great deal of evidence that our thinking is strongly influenced by a number of biases. This research appears to have important implications for moral methodology. It seems likely that these biases affect our thinking about moral issues, and a fuller awareness of them might help us to find ways to counteract their influence, and so to improve our moral thinking. And yet there is little or no reference to such biases in the philosophical literature on many pressing, substantive moral questions. In this paper, I make a start on repairing this omission in relation to one such question, the 'Aid Question', which concerns how much, if anything, we are morally required to give to aid agencies. I begin by sketching a number of biases that seem particularly likely to affect our thinking about that question. I then go on to review the psychological research on 'debiasing' - that is, on attempts to counteract the influence of such biases. And finally I discuss and illustrate certain strategies for counteracting the influence of the biases in question on our thinking about the Aid Question.
|Keywords||Aid, bias, psychology, debiasing, aid agencies|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West (2008). On the Failure of Cognitive Ability to Predict Myside and One-Sided Thinking Biases. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (2):129 – 167.
Jonathan Baron (2010). Cognitive Biases in Moral Judgments That Affect Political Behavior. Synthese 172 (1):7 - 35.
Mark Van Hollebeke (2001). To Thine Own Self Be True. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 75:149-170.
Mark Alfano (2011). Explaining Away Intuitions About Traits: Why Virtue Ethics Seems Plausible (Even If It Isn't). Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (1):121-136.
Anthony D. Miyazaki & Kimberly A. Taylor (2008). Researcher Interaction Biases and Business Ethics Research: Respondent Reactions to Researcher Characteristics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 81 (4):779 - 795.
Daniel Kelly & Erica Roedder (2008). Racial Cognition and the Ethics of Implicit Bias. Philosophy Compass 3 (3):522–540.
C. Daryl Cameron, Joshua Knobe & B. Keith Payne (2010). Do Theories of Implicit Race Bias Change Moral Judgments? Social Justice Research 23:272-289.
Jonathan Baron (1990). Thinking About Consequences. Journal of Moral Education 19 (2):77-87.
Jeffrey J. Rachlinski, Sheri Lynn Johnson, Andrew J. Wistrich & Chris Guthrie, Does Unconscious Racial Bias Affect Trial Judges?
Keith Horton (2011). Aid Agencies: The Epistemic Question. Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (1):29-43.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads34 ( #95,542 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)16 ( #46,799 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?