Quantifying weak emergence

Minds and Machines 18 (4):461-473 (2008)
The concept of weak emergence is a refinement or specification of the intuitive, general notion of emergence. Basically, a fact about a system is said to be weakly emergent if its holding both (i) is derivable from the fundamental laws of the system together with some set of basic (non-emergent) facts about it, and yet (ii) is only derivable in a particular manner, called “simulation.” This essay analyzes the application of this notion Conway’s Game of Life, and concludes that a modification of the notion would provide a better refinement of the general notion of emergence. It is proposed that emergence be taken as a matter of degree, defined in terms of the amount of simulation required to derive a fact.
Keywords Computation   Emergence   Simulation
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DOI 10.1007/s11023-008-9123-5
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References found in this work BETA
Mark A. Bedau (1997). Weak Emergence. Philosophical Perspectives 11 (s11):375-399.
George Boolos (1987). A Curious Inference. Journal of Philosophical Logic 16 (1):1 - 12.

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Citations of this work BETA
Kari L. Theurer (2014). Complexity-Based Theories of Emergence: Criticisms and Constraints. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (3):277-301.
Eric Steinhart (2013). Royce's Model of the Absolute. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 48 (3):356-384.

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