The interrelations between the philosophy, history and sociology of science in Thomas Kuhn's theory of scientific development
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (4):487-501 (1992)
The paper deals with the interrelations between the philosophy, sociology and historiography of science in Thomas Kuhn’s theory of scientific development. First, the historiography of science provides the basis for both the philosophy and sociology of science in the sense that the fundamental questions of both disciplines depend on the principles of the form of historiography employed. Second, the fusion of the sociology and philosophy of science, as advocated by Kuhn, is discussed. This fusion consists essentially in a replacement of methodological rules by cognitive values that influence the decisions of scientific communities. As a consequence, the question of the rationality of theory choice arises, both with respect to the actual decisions and to the possible justification of cognitive values and their change.
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Citations of this work BETA
K. Brad Wray (2010). Kuhn's Constructionism. Perspectives on Science 18 (3):311-327.
H. Radder (1997). Philosophy and History of Science: Beyond the Kuhnian Paradigm. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 28 (4):633-655.
Paul A. Roth (2013). The Silence of the Norms: The Missing Historiography of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 44 (4):545-52.
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