Journal of Philosophical Research 36:247-281 (2011)
|Abstract||Virtue ethics has become an important rival to deontology and consequentialism, the two dominant moral theories in modern Western philosophy. What unites various forms of virtue ethics and distinguishes virtue ethics from its rivals is its emphasis on the primacy of virtue. In this article, I start with an explanation of the primacy of virtue in virtue ethics and two dilemmas, detected by Gary Watson, that virtue ethics faces: (1) virtue ethics may maintain the primacy of virtue and thus leave virtue non-explanatory, or it may attempt to explain virtue in terms of something else and thus render virtue secondary at most; (2) the explanation of virtue may be objective and thus become morally indeterminate, or it may be normative and thus lack objectivity, merely re-expressing the virtue it intends to explain (Section II). After showing the failure of both classical Aristotelian and contemporary neo-Aristotelian virtue ethics to escape these dilemmas, I turn to the ethical theory of Zhu Xi 朱熹 (1130–1200)—the greatest synthesizer of neo-Confucianism, whose place in Confucianism is comparable to that of Thomas Aquinas in the Christian tradition—to show how it can successfully avoid both dilemmas|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Yong Huang (2010). The Self-Centeredness Objection to Virtue Ethics. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 84 (4):651-692.
Rosalind Hursthouse (1999/2001). On Virtue Ethics. Oxford University Press.
Roger Crisp & Michael A. Slote (eds.) (1997). Virtue Ethics. Oxford University Press.
Roger Crisp (2010). Virtue Ethics and Virtue Epistemology. Metaphilosophy 41 (1):22-40.
Jiyuan Yu (1998). Virtue: Confucius and Aristotle. Philosophy East and West 48 (2):323-347.
John D. Baldari (2012). Examining Loyalty: The Folk & The Philosopher. Dissertation, University of Nevada, Reno
Xianzhong Huang (2007). Justice as a Virtue: An Analysis of Aristotle's Virtue of Justice. [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (2):265-279.
Lara Denis (2006). Kant's Conception of Virtue. In Paul Guyer (ed.), Cambridge Companion to Kant and Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
Piotr Szalek (2010). Does Virtue Ethics Really Exclude Duty Ethics? International Philosophical Quarterly 50 (3):351-361.
Glen Pettigrove (2011). Is Virtue Ethics Self-Effacing? Journal of Ethics 15 (3):191-207.
Lawrence M. Hinman, Alcalá Park & San Diego, Virtue Ethics From a Global Perspective: A Pluralistic Framework for Understanding Moral Virtues.
Mathew Lu (2011). Abortion and Virtue Ethics. In Stephen Napier (ed.), Persons, Moral Worth, and Embryos: A Critical Analysis of Pro-Choice Arguments. Springer.
Roger Crisp (forthcoming). A Third Method of Ethics? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
Justin Tiwald (2010). Confucianism and Virtue Ethics: Still a Fledgling in Chinese and Comparative Philosophy. Comparative Philosophy 1 (2):55-63.
Added to index2011-12-02
Total downloads24 ( #57,817 of 722,826 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #36,645 of 722,826 )
How can I increase my downloads?